(3:26), Withholding “good” from one to whom it is owing could relate to extending a favor or kindness to someone in need, for people should have a sense of obligation to come to the aid of fellow humans in distress. In verse 22, the Septuagint contains additional wording that has no correspondence in the Hebrew text. 4 So you will find favor and good repute in the sight of God and of people. In connection with the previous verse (which see for comments), the thought appears to be that, when “prudence” (the father’s “counsel” [LXX]) and “discretion” (“thought” or insight [LXX]) govern conduct, they can contribute to a longer and better life than would otherwise be the case. Addeddate 2009-08-05 20:19:06 External_metadata_update 2019-03-13T07:39:46Z Identifier Proverbs_Ch3_v_1-35. The Septuagint rendering could be translated, “And clouds discharged dews.” (3:20), The Hebrew text begins the fatherly admonition with the expression “my son,” but the initial phrase does not identify what the son should not let “escape” from his “eyes” or his sight. Then you will win favor and a good name in the sight of God and man. circle of vision. (24 When you lie down, you will not be afraid; when you lie down, your sleep will be sweet. The son would need to “turn away from evil.” According to the Septuagint rendering, the son was not to be wise or understanding to himself or in his own estimation but was to “fear God and turn away from all evil.” (3:7), A reverential regard for YHWH and a rejection of evil benefit a person’s physical organism. The paths that wisdom directs as the ones to be followed promote “peace,” a state of well-being and security and one that is free from conflict and strife. RSS | Brought to Drupal by david hodgkins. Its focus is on the son who is told, “And you will not fear coming alarm” or terror “nor the coming attacks of the impious” or godless ones. (3:31), To YHWH, a corrupt person is an abomination or an object of loathing or disgust. There never was to be a time when the son would conduct himself in a manner suggesting that “enduring love,” kindness, loyalty, or mercy and “truth,” faithfulness, or dependability had abandoned him. There is uncertainty whether the phrase in brackets was part of the original text of the Septuagint. Submitted by admin on Tue, 2015-09-08 19:16. Unashamed is a weekly Bible study broadcast taking you verse-by-verse through the scriptures. 1. law [and] commandments—all divine instructions (see on [641]Ps 119:1 and [642]Ps 119:4). Context Summary Proverbs 3:1–12 is an exhortation from Solomon to his son, urging him to heed his teaching and trust wholeheartedly in the Lord. The form יסּחוּ, pointed יסּחוּ, might be the Niph. Proverbs 3:1-35. (3:28), One should not scheme something evil to a neighbor or fellow, taking advantage of him when he does not suspect any possibility of being harmed (“when he is residing securely with you” [“one residing (beside you) and trusting in you” (LXX)]). Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary. Download & share the MP3 and sheet music freely. "When a man's ways please the Lord, He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him" (Proverbs 16:7).Sin separates man from God, causing a confrontational relationship with Him whereby man receives His wrath. The thought is that the son should conduct himself in keeping with the guidance of wisdom and thus reveal wisdom — the wisdom that would aid him to conduct himself aright as if all his paths had been straightened or cleared of obstacles that would otherwise have led to a calamitous fall from his having pursued the wrong course. “Enduring love” and “truth” or faithfulness were to be part of his inmost self as if they were written on the “tablet of [his] heart,” motivating him to be compassionate and trustworthy in all his dealings. He would not experience even the minor problems of persons who choose not to act wisely. בּוגדים bears (as בּגד proves) the primary meaning of concealed, i.e., malicious (treacherous and rapacious, Isaiah 33:1), and then faithless men. 27 An exhortation to charitableness, 30 peaceableness, 31 and contentedness. Those who hold fast to wisdom can be pronounced “happy” or fortunate. The misery of the wicked, and blessings of the just, Proverbs 3:32-35. 3 My son, x do not forget my teaching, y. but keep my commands in your heart, 2 for they will prolong your life many years z. and bring you peace and prosperity. The application of wisdom is humane. (3:6; see the Notes section. It is well-known to all who draw near to it, and anything precious [or any honor] is not worthy of it.” Wisdom will prove to be triumphant. The Septuagint rendering specifically relates to responding to “needy ones.” Persons in a position to respond (or to provide assistance) without delay, having it “in the power of [their] hand,” should do so. Proverbs 3:35 Context. 34 Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly. Proverbs 10:30. To the two negative designations of design there follows, as the third and last, a positive one. He grants his “grace,” favor, or kindly attention to the “humble” or lowly ones, to persons who recognize their need for his aid and guidance. Do not envy the oppressor, And choose none of his ways; For the perverse person is an abomination to the Lord, But His secret counsel is with the upright. Keep my commandments, by diligent meditation and hearty affection. The father is represented as telling the son, “In all your ways, make it known, that it may straighten your paths, [and your foot will by no means stumble].” In Greek, the pronoun here rendered “it” is feminine gender, and the antecedent for the pronoun is the feminine noun sophía (“wisdom”). ), With “prudence” (the father’s “counsel” [LXX]) and “discretion” (“thought” or insight [LXX]) providing guidance, the son would “walk” in “security.” His progress in life would be free from the the calamities that attend the conduct of persons who are unwise or corrupt. In obedient response to the law, they could also honor or show their high regard for YHWH by offering the “firstfruits” of all their produce or their crops. Instead, he was to “fear YHWH,” having reverential regard for him by seeking to know his will and then conducting himself accordingly. “By wisdom,” he “founded the earth.” This could mean that he firmly established the land as if providing it with supports or foundations. As we continue our study of the book of Proverbs, we will see some key principles to help keep us on the path of wisdom rather than the path of foolishness. But YHWH’s “intimacy” (or close relationship like that of a confidant) is with the upright ones, persons who are desirous of conducting themselves in harmony with his will. “And it will be healing to your flesh and care for your bones.” The entire physical frame of the individual would be benefited. a. The son would consider them as needing to be carefully guarded like a seal used for authenticating documents. (3:33), YHWH scorns scorners or treats them in keeping with their ridicule of what is right and just. In this context, “truth” denotes trustworthiness, faithfulness, or reliability. “Honor the Lord with your just toils and dedicate to him from your fruits of righteousness.” (3:9), The result from following through on the admonition set forth in the previous verse would result in blessings. Trusting God unreservedly is the centre and circumference of all wisdom because He is the beginning and the end of all knowledge. ), For the son to “trust in YHWH” (“God” [LXX]) with “all” his “heart” would require him to rely on YHWH completely, never doubting that acting in harmony with his commands would result in the greatest good possible. According to the Septuagint, all his ways he would “walk confidently in peace” (without having to fear consequences from having pursued a foolish course). They’ll help you live a long, long time, a long life lived full and well. (3:35), The Septuagint rendering of verse 4 differs from the extant Hebrew text and could be translated, “Think beforehand [on] good [things] before the Lord and men.” This may be understood as admonition to give careful consideration to what is good in the sight of God and fellow humans. Be the first one to write a review. Proverbs 16:3(HCSB) Verse Thoughts The wisdom of the world is foolishness to God but the wisdom of God is life and health to those that obey Him, and if only we could take this simple instruction to heart and carry it out to completion, we would be walking in the way of the Lord and living in spirit and truth. (3:11) This is the case because YHWH “reproves” (“disciplines” [LXX]) the one whom he loves, just as a father reproves a “son in whom he delights.” The Septuagint rendering is, “For whom the Lord loves, he disciplines, and he chastises [or punishes] every son whom he accepts.” (3:12), “Happy,” blessed, fortunate, or in an enviable state of well-being is a “man” (an “earthling”) who finds wisdom and a man (an earthling [thnetós, a mortal (LXX)]) who gets (“recognized” [LXX]) “understanding,” skill, or insight. (3:29) Similarly, one should not dispute with a man “without cause,” picking a fight with a man who had not harmed one. This section builds on the counsel Solomon gave in Proverbs 2. Proverbs 3:2 "For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee." The Septuagint rendering relates to conduct and appears to have been altered to fit the circumstances of Israelites living in lands far from Jerusalem. (3:23), Even at night, the son could feel secure on account of letting “prudence” (the father’s “counsel” [LXX]) and “discretion” (“thought” or insight [LXX]) govern his life. The son was not to lean on his own understanding (“wisdom” [LXX]) as would a person who preferred to follow his own flawed judgment and deliberately chose to pursue a way of life that ignored YHWH’s commands. 13 The happy gain of wisdom. (3:2), The son was not to let “enduring love” (chésed [mercies (LXX)]) and “truth” (’émeth) forsake him. The son’s “foot” would not stumble. (3:17), Wisdom is a “tree of life” to those taking hold of it. There would not come upon him some calamity on account of his own folly. The excellence of wisdom urged and illustrated by its place in the divine counsels. God must be feared, honored, and trusted, and filial submission, under chastisement, exhibited. The study of truth commended. שׁמר, with the object of the way, may in another connection also mean to keep oneself from, cavere ab (Psalm 17:4); here it means: carefully to keep in it. “Dry bones” are associated with disease and weakness, and so the reference to “drink” for the bones could signify that the entire frame of the individual would be invigorated. The godly woman is a treasure to her family. plus-circle Add Review. Read the King James Version Proverbs 3:1-35 Online for FREE Provided by Christianity Oasis On Line ... Where Christianity is C-O-O-L. Proverbs 8:35-36 Using the literary device of personification, Solomon describes wisdom in some of the strongest terms possible—he speaks of wisdom in terms of life and death. Faithful adherence to the instruction and the commandments would add “length of days [existence (LXX)] and years of life and peace” to him. Today, the cultural agenda is to erase the distinctions between men and women. of the pass. Surely He scorns the scornful, ), While the temple in Jerusalem functioned, Israelites could “honor YHWH” by making contributions from their “wealth” or substance for the support of the services there. “And my commandments [sayings or words (LXX)] let your heart keep,” guard, treasure, or observe. There is no insistence on the letter of the law but, when warranted, mercy or compassion are shown after a careful evaluation of all factors that involve matters requiring the rendering of judgments. Below are some preliminary questions to assist in the study of this passage. of labbasa to libâs (לבוּשׁ); it means to make a thing unknown by covering it; whence telbı̂s, deceit, mulebbis, a falsifier.). (3:22; see the Notes section. (See verse 21.) Lexicographers have suggested that, depending on the context, tushiyyáh can mean “prudence,” “sound wisdom,” success,” “good outcome,” or “victory.” The word tushiyyáh may here designate the prudence or sound wisdom that leads to success or a good outcome. To faith, Proverbs 3:5,6, and trust in God; the benefits that they shall receive thereby, Proverbs 3:7,8. (3:27) The individual who is able to extend kindly aid should not tell his neighbor or fellow to depart and to return another time, saying to him, “Tomorrow I will give,” when he could have done so right then (“when you are able to do good” [LXX]). נסּח, Deuteronomy 28:63; but in this case it would be ינּסחוּ. Trusting God in all things is a foundational precept.. for faith in the Word of God is His will for each of our lives. In the Septuagint, this phrase could be rendered, “Son, let not flow away.” He is then told to keep or to safeguard “prudence” (tushiyyáh) and “discretion” (“thought” or insight [LXX]). According to the Septuagint rendering, wisdom is “unfailing” or dependable to those who “lean” or rely on it “as on the Lord.” (3:18), YHWH is represented as using wisdom, thereby confirming its inestimable value. Copyright 2004-2017 by Hans Werner The study of truth commended. Ancient observers perceived the dew as coming down on vegetation from above. “From its [wisdom’s] mouth, righteousness comes forth, and it carries law and mercy on [its] tongue.” Whatever has its source in true wisdom is righteous, just, or right. (3:13), The “gain” from wisdom (and the understanding that has its source in wisdom) is “better than gain from silver” and the profit from wisdom is better than “gold.” From the possession and the application of wisdom more is to be gained than from the possession and use of gold and silver. 21 My son, do not let wisdom and understanding out of your sight, preserve sound judgment and discretion; 22 they will be life for you, an ornament to grace your neck. The Septuagint rendering is “body.” Possibly, in view of its central location, the navel represents the entire organism. Storerooms would be filled with abundance (“grain” [LXX]) from the harvest, and vats would overflow with wine (the juice from trodden grapes). This discipline could come in the form of suffering that God may permit him to experience. My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments: Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. (3:21), The expression “life to your soul” may be understood to mean “life to you” (life to the son being addressed). He should guard them as being of inestimable value in his “heart,” his mind, or his inmost self. They find themselves in an enviable state of well-being and security. ארץ is Canaan, or the land which God promised to the patriarchs, and in which He planted Israel, whom He had brought out of Egypt; not the earth, as Matthew 5:5, according to the extended, unlimited N.T. The Septuagint adds as a reason to do good or to respond favorably, “for you do not know what the next day will bring.” Circumstances can change quickly, and the person who is in position to give may later find himself in a needy state. Proverbs 3:1-2. It is my sincerest desire that you now have a better insight on what it means to trust God, not lean on your own understanding, acknowledging Him, and letting Him direct your path. The Third Instruction - Proverbs 3:1-12 Scripture: Proverbs 3:1-35. (Note: Similar is the relation in Arab. Pr 3:1-35. (3:14) This makes wisdom more precious than “corals” (peniním). According to the Septuagint, it is better to conduct trade in wisdom than in “gold and silver treasures.” The returns from wisdom in relation to the life one would live are far superior to those from the possession of gold and silver. Werner Bible Commentary is proudly powered by Drupal and almost valid XHTML and CSS. but let thine heart keep my commandments; as the ark, or chest, kept the two tables of the law put into it; it denotes a cordial affection for the commandments and ordinances of Christ, a hearty attention and obedience to them, and a constant and cheerful observance of them, flowing from love and gratitude to him, John 14:15. (3:24) He would not have to fear some “sudden dread” or terror “and the ruin of wicked ones when it comes.” At the time corrupt individuals suffer deserved punishment, upright persons will have nothing to fear. It is also possible that the Greek word for “think beforehand” (a form of pronoéo) here means “provide.” In that case, the encouragement is to provide (or to do) the things that are good, noble, or right in the sight of God and fellow humans. The happiness of him that findeth wisdom, Proverbs 3:13. (3:21), There is a measure of uncertainty about the meaning of the Hebrew word tushiyyáh. This episode examines Proverbs 3:1-35. to be stretched out in length, to be hanging over (vid., Fleischer on Job 30:11); whence יתר, residue, Zephaniah 2:9, and after which the lxx here renders ὑπολειφθήσονται, and Jerome permanebunt. "For freedom Christ has freed us" — Galatians 5:1, Comments on the letters to the Thessalonians, Comments on the letters to Timothy and Titus. “Fools” (persons whose conduct is corrupt [“impious” or godless ones (LXX]) “exalt shame.” Their actions are dishonorable. Pr 3:1-35. We are called to speak the truth and earn the trust of others. ), For the son not to be “wise” in his own “eyes” would mean for him not to consider his wisdom to be such as not to need God’s guidance and aid to conduct himself aright. 1 An exhortation to obedience, 5 faith, 7 to mortification, 9 to devotion, 1 to patience. יסּחוּ is, as at Proverbs 15:25; Psalm 52:7, active: evellant; and this, with the subj. "My son" tell us … 22 But the godless are cut off out the land. Free from anxiety about possible adverse consequences from unwise or corrupt actions, the son’s sleep would be sweet or pleasant. 5. 64 Views . The Beginning of Knowledge - The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel: To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight, to receive instruction in wise dealing, in righteousness, justice, and equity; to give prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the youth— Let the wise hear and increase in learning, and the one who understands obtain guidance, When that is the case, the admonition is, “Do not envy a man of violence,” one who attains his base objectives through violent deeds, “and do not choose any of his ways.” The Septuagint rendering warns against bringing upon oneself the “reproach” or insult of “evil men,” and concludes with the admonition not to envy (or not to be zealous for) their ways. Additionally, they are called “grace” to the “neck,” adding a tangible favorable impression on others and one that could be compared to beautiful adornment around the neck. 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