Notice that several word roots have the same definition. Play as. A combining form is a word root with a … 47. 43. The world of medical terminology is quite vast, so this list is organized by category to make it a little easier to digest. Once you know the meanings of the basic parts of the words, you can put them together to understand the meanings of many medical terms. It is essential for every medical practitioner to know most of the terminologies that are used in hospitals. 1. Root:A root gives the term its essential meaning. Retro-: Behind or backward. (urea is the chief nitrogenous end-product of protein metabolism, formed in the liver from amino acids and from ammonia compounds). 13. 46. Feedback. ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room. This application allows you to quickly learn and understand complex medical terminology. It is simply like learning … relating to or near the middle region of the body, cosmetic surgery of the abdomen to remove wrinkles and tighten the skin over the stomach, centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis, the criminal act of carrying someone away by force, a hypothetical organic phenomenon by which living organisms are created from nonliving matter, enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face, gastritis caused by ingesting an irritant, pyelonephritis resulting from the spread of a bladder infection, a band of tissue connecting a muscle to its bony attachment, moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body, malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium, a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin, motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis, absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow, (pregnancy) extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman (after the 15th week of pregnancy) to aid in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities, thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals), of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion, the serous fluid in which the embryo is suspended inside the amnion, absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness, a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous, relating to or having a deficiency of red blood cells, characterized by partial or total absence of a brain, a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated, the branch of medical science that studies and applies anesthetics, an abnormal bulge caused by weakening of an artery wall, an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery, tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve, the branch of medical science that studies the blood and lymph vessels and their disorders, deviation from the normal or common order, form, or rule, a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite, inability to use language because of a brain lesion, failure of some tissue or organ to develop, temporary cessation of breathing, especially while sleeping, surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint, the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms, having no signs or manifestations of an illness or disease, a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse, the removal and examination of tissue from a living body, a layer of cells on the inside of the blastula, inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts, spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye, condition in which a person blinks continuously, inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles, inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes, pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles, a slender tubular instrument used to examine the bronchial tubes, a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis, any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue, the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases, a specialist in the structure and function of the heart, the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing, pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs, of or relating to the brain and spinal cord, of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it, anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres, inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips, a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip, a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin, the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease, abnormal respiration in which periods of shallow and deep breathing alternate, a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets, an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth, long-lasting or characterized by long suffering, pyelonephritis that develops slowly and can lead to renal failure if untreated; often associated with a kidney stone or with narrowing of the urinary passageways, the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends, acute abdominal pain, especially in infants, removal of fluid from the abdomen by centesis, an elongated fiberoptic endoscope for examining the entire colon from cecum to rectum, obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus), surgical correction of a defect of the palate, the part of the skull that encloses the brain, failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops, a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters, treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles, release of material by splitting open of an organ or tissue, a doctor who specializes in the physiology of the skin, a surgical instrument used to cut very thin slices of skin, disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin, identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon, a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis, a muscular partition in the chest used in respiration, Gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs, visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects, situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone, Created on April 4, 2013 It can be used as a self-taught guide when used with support materials. During the Quiz End of Quiz. 5. Choose from 500 different sets of medical terminology flashcards on Quizlet. LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “bad” cholesterol. This is especially important when it comes to speaking one-on-one with your physician. This is a list of word roots with their combining vowel. -plasty: Surgical repair. Having thoughtful conversations with your physician is about more than just gaining knowledge. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). 22. Learn the right medical terminology for regions of the body and the directional terms for the body’s anatomical positions and regions, planes, and cavities. CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a life-saving technique that’s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. PT: Physical therapy, a type of treatment to help patients move and feel better. Guidelines for their use are shown in Table 1.1. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. 31. If so, you’re ahead of the game. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. Word Parts. Regular visits to your primary care physician are key to maintaining good health. arthr/o Arthropathy - Collective term for joint diseases. EKG: Electrocardiogram, a way of monitoring the heart and testing for problems. 49. For example, the word root meaning stomach is gastr. We all need to know what’s going on with our health. It can be a whole word or part of a word. Every industry has its fair share of jargon. 16. Benign: Not cancerous. 15. Medical Terminology: Search Words & Medical Vocabulary Medical Reference is an offline encyclopedia of medical terms right on your device. NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. Medical root words come from many different languages (e.g., Greek, Latin, Arabic, French, and German) and find their way into English. 42. Difficulty. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. Derm/a/o, dermat/o: Pertaining to the skin. When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. A Jam and invite medical terms words friends and classmates to join hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through extensive! Stem, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants of ground, but the duration is short to. 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