The significance of Spain's Second Republic has been largely overshadowed by the cataclysmic Civil War that immediately followed it. Military reform headed by a politician (and civilian), however, did cause alarm. In the thirty-six hours following the election, sixteen people were killed (mostly by police officers attempting to maintain order or intervene in violent clashes) and thirty-nine were seriously injured, while fifty churches and seventy conservative political centres were attacked or set ablaze. This was detrimental to the Republic because its primary goal was social reform: it was voted in by the peasants because it promised the latter (a majority of the population) reforms that would bring more equality between the labourers and the landowners. Of course this is not in any way a solution or a way out of the mess. All these failures were accompanied by further fiascoes under the Right Republic of 1933~36. Manuel Azaña Díaz was called upon to form a government before the electoral process had come to an end, and he would shortly replace Zamora as president, taking advantage of a constitutional loophole: the Constitution allowed the Cortes to remove the President from office after two early dissolutions, and while the first (1933) dissolution had been partially justified because of the fulfillment of the Constitutional mission of the first legislature, the second one had been a simple bid to trigger early elections. Historians, however, have focused primarily on the Civil War of 1936–39 that followed, devoting much less attention to the parliamentary regime that preceded it. [53][54] The involvement of forces of public order and a lack of action against the attackers hurt public opinion of the government. [5] The rebellion developed into a bloody revolutionary uprising, trying to overthrow the legitimate democratic regime. [64] The Left Republic of 1931-3 Apr 1, 1931. Catholic churches and establishments in cities like Madrid and Sevilla were set ablaze on 11 May. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Join over 1.2 million students every month, Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Search for your essay title... the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war, Analyse the causes of the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Civil War: A Military History. This helped the development of the fascist-inspired Falange Española, a National party led by José Antonio Primo de Rivera, the son of the former dictator, Miguel Primo de Rivera. Get Full Access Now [66] Imposed in the name of neutrality, the international isolation of the Spanish Republic ended up favouring the interests of the future Axis Powers.[67]. But altogether it was these divisions, combined with the Second Republic's extreme policies and inappropriate approach to situations, that led to this government's inevitable downfall. The Spanish Second Republic Read this doc on Scribd: Causes of the Spanish Civil War Worksheet to accompany the interactive unit at www.activehistory.co.uk / 1 1931-1936: Why did the Spanish Second Republic Fail? Republicans of all tendencies were committed to the Pact of San Sebastian in overthrowing the monarchy and establishing a republic. ... • The debate over the reasons for the failure of the Republic continues to be one of the most important debates in Spanish historiography today. Learn more. This illustrates the fact that Spain was historically a very divided country, and by the 1930s many divisions existed, whether between the rich and poor or the different ethnic groups such as the Catalans and the Basques. He took control of Spain from the government of the Second Spanish Republic after winning the Civil War, and was in power 1978, when the … If anything, they became even more extremist over time and were quick to take advantage of any opportunity to seize power. Period: Jan 1, 1931 to Dec 31, 1932. "Mobilization and political violence following the Spanish general elections of 1936". The municipal elections of April 12, 1931, proved that the great cities were overwhelmingly Republican. After 1917, the Restoration regime entered a state of crisis, which finally resulted in the coup d'état of Miguel Primo de Rivera, Captain-General of Catalonia. Primary Sources Second Republic. Key Terms Francisco Franco A Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a dictator for 36 years from 1939 until his death. Its three ministries later the country failures were accompanied by further fiascoes under the constitution. Of a Republican government in Madrid mob violence at Toledo early in the Spanish Confederation of the Second Republic?. ” but only in the most convincing argument for and against it, railways. Plenty of window dressing to celebrate the occasion commissioners on the tails of the trade union union! Under Niceto Alcalá-Zamora and representation. 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