This page was last modified on 20 December 2015, at 09:13. The New York Times Archives. Desc: The Duchy of Brunswick was a historical German state. In 1495 it was expanded around Göttingen and in 1584 went back to the Wolfenbüttel Line. When the main line of descent became extinct in 1884, the German Emperor withheld the rightful heir, the Crown Prince of Hanover, from taking control, instead installing a regent. Son of Albert V, in 1526 reunited Grubenhagen under his hands. the Prussian provinces of Hanover and Saxony to the south-east of the former. Prince Frederick William of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was born in Braunschweig as the fourth son of Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Princess Augusta of Great Britain. Brunswick starts the game as a member of the Holy Roman Empire (HRE) and shares borders with multiple countries, including three HRE Electors — Brandenburg, Cologne and Saxony. A Waterloo Medal, Hussars Regiment, 1815 . The Duchy remained independent and joined first the North German Confederation and in 1871 the German Empire. Subsequently, the kingdom was lost in 1866 by his son George V of Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War when it was annexed by Prussia, and became the Prussian province of Hanover. During the first half of the 19th century, the Kingdom of Hanover was ruled as personal union by the British crown from its creation under George III of the United Kingdom, the last elector of Hanover until the death of William IV in 1837. In 1569 Henry founded the duchy of. Their rule was marked by major building work to Celle Castle and also by numerous reforms which improved the legal situation of farmers vis-a-vis their local lords. The towns of Lüneburg and Brunswick remained in the overall possession of the House of Welf until 1512 and 1671 respectively. Its capital was the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig).It was established as the successor state of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The subsequent history of the dukedom and its subordinate principalities was characterised by numerous divisions and reunifications. In 1432 the estates gained by the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel between the Deister and Leine split away as the Principality of Calenberg. The whole world unanimously honored his will which stated Hanover and his brother were (after having been condemned to death) not his natural family. Left no descendants. After the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Calenberg-Celle and its possessions were added to by the Congress of Vienna ending the Napoleonic war, being born anew under the name of Kingdom of Hanover (including Brunswick-Lüneburg). Sons of Ernest II, ruled jointly. Hanover being the Junior branch, and Wolfenbüttel the Elder. Summary. Imperial Germany Grand Duchy Brunswick Medals Orders Decorations badges insignia Great War WWI WW1 Army 1914 1918 Duke Ernst August Braunschweig Francoprussian War 1870 Napoleonic Wars Cross Empire German Army Navy Luftwaffe Air Force Kaiser Wilhelm Trench War Ypres Ieper Flander West Front Military Medals Orders Badges Decorations Insignia Army Navy Air Force Pilot Wings … However, as this is list of rulers, the list goes beyond the use of the title, going through all generations until the end of the noble family representation in the land, in 1918. Absorbed Grubenhagen from Wolfenbüttel. From 1291 to 1596 Grubenhagen was an independent principality, its first ruler being Henry the Admirable, son of Albert of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Shared rule with his brother Albert. Braunschweig), a sovereign duchy of northern Germany, and a constituent state of the German empire, comprising three larger and six smaller portions of territory. When the main line of descent became extinct in 1884, the German Emperor withheld the rightful heir, the Crown Prince of Hanover, from taking control, instead installing a regent. Not until 1753/1754 was the Residence moved back to Brunswick, into the newly built Brunswick Palace. In 1291 divided the land: Henry received Grubenhagen, William Wolfenbüttel and Albert Göttingen. The Duchy of Brunswick (German: Herzogtum Braunschweig) was a historical state in Germany. Joined Wolfenbüttel to his domains in 1485, when he imprisoned his brother. Note: For clarity's sake, and to avoid keyword confusion with numerous other entities in today's World that are called "Brunswick", I shall use the German name, "Braunschweig", in the content of this page. Ruler of the only land that was still not in Hanoverian lands, to which it would never belong. In the List of Reichstag participants (1792), the following four subdivisions of Brunswick-Lüneburg had recognized representation: By 1705 only two Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg survived, one ruling Calenberg, Lüneburg and other possessions, and the other ruling Wolfenbüttel. Not until 1753/1754 was the Residence moved back to Brunswick, into the newly built Brunswick Palace. In 1814 it was succeeded by the Kingdom of Hanover. John abdicated 1364 to join the clergy and Albert became sole ruler. His death without descendants precipitated the. It was established as the successor state of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by the Congress of … Brunswick is a small, landlocked country in the North Germany region. After being split in the course of the years into smaller and smaller principalities it Grubenhagen finally returned in 1596 to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Other branches that did not have full sovereignty existed in the Dannenberg, Harburg, Gifhorn, Bevern, Osterode, Herzberg, Salzderhelden and Einbeck. At the Imperial Diet of 1235 in Mainz, as part of the reconciliation between the Hohenstaufen and Welf families, Henry's grandson, Otto the Child, transferred his estates to Emperor Frederick II and was enfeoffed in return with the newly created Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, which was formed from the estates transferred to the Emperor as well as other large areas of the imperial fisc. The duchy was divided several times during the High Middle Ages amongst various lines of the House of Welf, but the rulers all continued to be styled as the "Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg" in addition to their various particular titles. Relief shown pictorially. With no male heirs, after his death Gottingen is absorbed by, Sons of Henry III, ruled jointly. The duchy was located in what is now northwestern Germany. However, the. Incorporated into the Kingdom of Westphalia during the Napoleonic wars of the early nineteenth century, the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg regained independence in 1813. Son of Anthony Ulrich. Brother of Christian Louis, George William and John Frederick. When the imperial ban was placed on Henry the Lion in 1180, he lost his titles as Duke of Saxony and Duke of Bavaria. He then gave Calenberg to his next brother, John Frederick. Its capital was the city of Brunswick. The text included all the domains, estates, etc of Brunswick were transferred to Geveva. At that point, the crown of Hanover went to William's younger brother, Ernest, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale under the Salic laws requiring the next male heir to inherit, whereas the British throne was inherited by an elder brother's only daughter, Queen Victoria. When he came of age there was immediate confrontation and open protests on an annual and consistent basis. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Herzogtum Braunschweig und Lüneburg), or more properly the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was a historical duchy that existed from the late Middle Ages to the Early Modern era within the Holy Roman Empire.wikipedia. THE DUCHY OF BRUNSWICK. Inherited Wolfenbüttel from his father. In 1643 he moved into the Residence at, As he left no descendants, the land passed to a nephew, Christian Louis, son of Frederick's brother. Time Remaining: Currency Converter. Regent on behalf of the Duke of Brunswick, Charles. Winning bid: US $21.39 [ … Its name came from the two largest cities in the territory: Brunswick and Lüneburg. In 1432, as a result of increasing tensions with the townsfolk of Brunswick, the Brunswick Line moved their Residence to Wolfenbüttel, into the water castle, which was expanded into a Schloss, whilst the town was developed into a royal seat. The following dukes ruled the entire duchy before it was sub-divided: All the Welf lines continued to bear the title of "Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg" from the division of the dukedom in 1269 to the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. In 1714 was chosen for. Coins from the Duchy of Brunswick. His son Christian Louis and his brothers inherited Celle in 1648 and thereafter shared it and Calenberg between themselves; a closely related branch of the family ruled separately in Wolfenbüttel. Sons of Albert II, ruled jointly. At the Imperial Diet of 1235 in Mainz, as part of the reconciliation between the Hohenstaufen and Welf families, Henry's grandson, Otto the Child, transferred his estates to Emperor Frederick II and was enfeoffed in return with the newly created Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, which was formed from the estates transferred to the Emperor as well as other large areas of the imperial fisc. The towns of Lüneburg and Brunswick remained in the overall possession of the House of Welf until 1512 and 1671 respectively. In 1814 it was succeeded by the Kingdom of Hanover. The land passed to his brothers. Youngest son of George. The Wolfenbüttel Line retained its independence, except from 1807 to 1813, when it and Hanover were merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia. In 1700 and 1701, when the English Parliament had addressed the question of an orderly succession, with a particular religious bias toward a Protestant ruler, from the childless ruling Queen Anne (House of Stuart), it passed the provisions of the Act of Settlement 1701 to Sophia of Hanover, granddaughter of James I. Sophia predeceased Queen Anne by a few weeks, but her son and heir, George I, succeeded as King of Great Britain when Anne, his second cousin, died in August 1714. In 1428 they exchanged, with their uncle Bernard I, Lüneburg for Wolfenbüttel. After Otto's death Magnus and Ernest divided the land: Magnus received Wolfenbüttel and Ernest Göttingen. Ruled jointly. Coincidentally, in 1701 the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg found himself in the line of succession for the British crown, later confirmed in 1707 by the Act of Union, which he subsequently inherited, thereby creating a personal union of the two crowns on 20 October 1714. Some of the more famous branches were Brunswick-Luneburg, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Brunswick-Bevern, Lüneburg-Celle, and Grubenhagen. Sons of Albert I, ruled jointly. Its name came from the two largest cities in the territory: Brunswick and Lüneburg. The state lay ran from the northern part of the Solling hills and the River Leine near Einbeck and north of the Eichsfeld on and in the southwestern Harz. BRUNSWICK (Ger. Took the entire government of the duchy after the death of his nephew, the natural heir. Its capital was the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig). Example: type "5 cent*" to find coins of 5 cents and 5 centimes. The name Wolfenbüttel was given to this principality. In 1805, after his uncle, Frederick Augustus, Duke of Oels, had died childless, Fred… In 1571 the Amt of Calvörde became an exclave of the Duchy. The territories of Calenberg and Lüneburg-Celle were made an Electorate by the Emperor Leopold I in 1692 in expectation of the imminent inheritance of Celle by the Duke of Calenberg, though the actual dynastic union of the territories did not occur until 1705 under his son George I Louis, and the Electorate was not officially approved by the Imperial Diet until 1708. Sons of William V, ruled jointly. Colloquially the Electorate was also known as the Electorate of Hanover or as Kurhannover. Subsequently, George I was referred to as Elector of Hanover. The subordinate states that were repeatedly created, and which had the legal status of principalities, were generally named after the residence of their rulers. As he left no male descendants, the land had no heir and was occupied by the Principality of Wolfenbüttel. It emerged in 1345 as the result of a division of the Principality of Brunswick and was united in 1495 with Calenberg. BRUNSWICK (Ger. The Congress of Vienna of 1815 turned it into an independent state under the name Duchy of Brunswick. The territories of Calenberg and Lüneburg-Celle were made an Electorate by the Emperor Leopold I in 1692 in expectation of the imminent inheritance of Celle by the Duke of Calenberg, though the actual dynastic union of the territories did not occur until 1705 under his son George I Louis, and the Electorate was not officially approved by the Imperial Diet until 1708. The first Hanoverian King of Great Britain, George I of Great Britain, was the reigning Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and was finally made an official and recognized prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire in 1708. New territory was added in 1665 in the vicinity of Grubenhagen and in 1705 around the Principality of Lüneburg. In 1494, they divided their lands. New territory was added in 1665 in the vicinity of Grubenhagen and in 1705 around the Principality of Lüneburg. One of the dynastic lines was that of the princes of Lüneburg, who in 1635 acquired Calenberg for George, a junior member of the family who set up residence in the city of Hanover. Hammer Price: Bid History. Prince of Wolfenbuttel at popflock.com In 1440 Henry V divided Grubenhagen with his brother, Albert. The duchy was located in what is now northwestern Germany. For example, over the course of the centuries there were the Old, Middle and New Houses (or Lines) of Brunswick, and the Old, Middle and New Houses of Lüneburg. Extraits der notes et ..." pgs 411-412 etc. When the main line of descent became extinct in 1884, the German Emperor withheld the rightful heir, the Crown Prince of Hanover, from takin… Left no male descendants. To the north this new state bordered on the County of Hoya near Nienburg and extended from there in a narrow, winding strip southwards up the River Leine through Wunstorf and Hanover where it reached the Principality of Wolfenbüttel. In 1432, as a result of increasing tensions with the townsfolk of Brunswick, the Brunswick Line moved their Residence to Wolfenbüttel into a water castle, which was expanded into a Schloss, whilst the town was developed into a royal seat. In 1584 absorbes the Principality of Calenberg. Left no male heirs, and his land passed to a collateral line. These acts were officially declared as an English invasion and usurpation in the edict of Charles II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel on May 10, 1827. The state lay ran from the northern part of the Solling hills and the River Leine near Einbeck and north of the Eichsfeld on and in the southwestern Harz. Duchy of Brunswick. After the fall of Napoleon, George III regained his lands plus lands from Prussia as King of Hanover, whilst giving up some other smaller scattered territories. It was introduced in the Prussian Update. The Duchy of Brunswick (German: Herzogtum Braunschweig) was a historical German state.Its capital was the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig).It was established as the successor state of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Brunswick-Lüneburg, officially known as the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and otherwise known as the Brunswick Ducal Corps, is a faction included in Blood and Iron. In 1400 inherited Wolfenbüttel and in 1416 divided their lands: Henry retained Lüneburg and Bernard kept Wolfenbüttel until 1428, when exchanged it with Lüneburg from his nephews. Add Prince of Wolfenbuttel to your PopFlock.com topic list or share. No legitimate issue. After being split in the course of the years into smaller and smaller principalities it Grubenhagen finally returned in 1596 to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. The Duchy remained independent and joined first the North German Confederation and in 1871 the German Empire. Sons of Magnus II, ruled jointly. 1823 2 Pfenning - Duchy of Brunswick German States - George IV - KM-1099 - Fine: Condition:--not specified. In 1269 the Principality of Brunswick was formed following the first division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In the event, George I succeeded his second cousin Anne, Queen of Great Britain — the last reigning member of the House of Stuart, and subsequently formed a personal union from 1 August 1714 between the British crown and the duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (electorate of Hanover) which would last until well after the end of the Napoleonic wars more than a century later—including even through the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and the rise of a new successor kingdom. With sole rights to the duchy Brunswick-Lüneburg, he provided a conditional sub-lease of the principality of Lüneburg to the princes of Calenburg with the conditions of payment to the Wolfenbüttel heirs (Chief of the House), together with the guarantee that only his descendants would inherit this senior principality of Wolfenbüttel. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburgball was a HREball state. In that manner, the "Electorate of Hanover" (the core duchy) was enlarged with the addition of other lands and became the kingdom of Hanover in 1814 at the peace conferences (Congress of Vienna) settling the future shape of Europe in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. Details about 1823 2 Pfenning - Duchy of Brunswick German States - George IV - KM-1099 - Fine See original listing. They permanently recovered Lüneburg for the Welfs. From 1546 Wolfenbüttel became the residence of the senior prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Henry, Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg. It emerged in 1345 as the result of a division of the Principality of Brunswick and was united in 1495 with Calenberg. Oct 8, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Clif Bridges. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover), Duke George William of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lunenberg, Ernest, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Conrad of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince-Bishop of Verden, Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Elizabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderburg-Nordborg, Christine Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Elisabeth Sophie Marie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderborg-Norburg, Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Elisabeth Sybille of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, List of the rulers of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Duchy_of_Brunswick-Lüneburg&oldid=999575739, 1230s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1806 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, States and territories established in 1235, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is also the first faction with the units nu… Subsequently, the kingdom was lost in 1866 by his son George V of Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War when it was annexed by Prussia, and became the Prussian province of Hanover. His possessions were enlarged in 1706 when the hereditary lands of the Calenberg branch of the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg merged with the lands of the Lüneburg-Celle branch to form the state of Hanover. The various parts of the duchy were further divided and re-united over the centuries, all of them being ruled by the Welf or Guelph dynasty, who maintained close relations with one another—not infrequently by marrying cousins—a practice far more common than is the case today, even among the peasantry of the Holy Roman Empire, for the salic inheritance laws in effect, encouraged the practice of retaining control of lands and benefits. Nach der Novemberrevolution in Braunschweig von 1918 wandelte es sich um in den Freistaat Braunschweig. In 1634, as a result of inheritance distributions, it went to the House of Lüneburg, before becoming an independent principality again in 1635, when it was given to George, younger brother of Prince Ernest II of Lüneburg, who chose Hanover as his Residenz. In 1918, with the abolition of the monarchy, all nobles titles were equally abolished. These regiments wore the blue-style uniform of the Prussian army. In 1700 and 1701, when the English Parliament had addressed the question of an orderly succession, with a particular religious bias toward a Protestant ruler, from the childless ruling Queen Anne (House of Stuart), it passed by the provisions of the Act of Settlement 1701 to Sophia of Hanover, granddaughter of James I. Sophia predeceased Queen Anne by a few weeks, but her son and heir, George I, succeeded as King of Great Britain when Anne, his second cousin, died in August 1714. It was united with the Principality of Calenberg, which had been elevated in 1692 into the Electorate. 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