Atal Tunnel in Rohtang, which is the most noteworthy elevation burrow on … Rohtang will get a reprieve from these hordes and in the overall ecological balance, things will remain the same. He is the organizer of the Raid De Himalaya and founder of Himalayan Motorsport Association, which conducts motor sporting events in the Himalayas. The new route via the tunnel brings down the total distance travelled to 71 km (44.1 mi) which can be covered in about 2 hours and 5 minutes, a reduction of around 3 to 4 hours when compared to the earlier route. So in 15 minutes you may have a temperature difference of 30 degrees or more! This all-climate passage will lessen the separation between Manali and Leh by 46 kms. The increase in tourism will be marginal in the summer months as the same number that came over Rohtang Pass will drive through the tunnel. The Atal Rohtang Tunnel will reduce the travel time by four to five hours. Will it be possible for example to drive over Kunzum La and get into Spiti too from Lahaul? The central government has renamed Rohtang Pass as 'Atal Tunnel' recently. A 2.25 m high and 3.6 m wide emergency tunnel is integrated in the tunnel cross-section beneath the main carriageway. Only a little progress was made in the next one year due to heavy ingress of water at serri nullah fault zone, that required constant dewatering and slowed the digging and blasting to a crawl. But now with the time lessening by 3 hours or so, these overnight halts will be reduced to almost nothing. Nov 2019: Bus service trial started through the yet-incomplete tunnel on 17 November 2019. Yes, +15 degrees in Manali, may turn to -20 degrees across the tunnel! As on 22 November 2017, it was decided to allow patients to be carried through the under-construction tunnel only in the gravest of emergency when the helicopter service was not available and not to allow civilians to enter the tunnel before completion due to risks of falling rocks, lack of oxygen in the tunnel as ventilation system was yet to be installed, etc. The Atal Tunnel has been planned to ensure an all-seasons, all-weather road route to strategically important areas of Ladakh and the remote Lahaul-Spiti valley. The. It is a perennial, all-weather tunnel, meant to tackle the issue of the Lahaul-Spiti Valley being cut off … As of December 2016, 7.6 km of the tunnel digging had been completed. Connectivity to Ladakh will require more tunnels: either at Shikun La, or at the passes located on the present Leh-Manali road. Salient features of the Atal Tunnel are as follows: The following parameters have been set in design: Project Cost : Approximately ₹3,200 crore[38]. … Economics will rule. 2) Some BRO (Border Roads Organization) and army people have been quoted as saying that due to the Atal Tunnel, they may now be able to keep the road from Manali to Leh open even in winter. [10] The approach road to the tunnel entrance was inaugurated by Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Since the Atal tunnel is likely to witness heavy traffic, CCTV cameras are placed at regular intervals in the tunnel which are connected to two monitoring rooms on both ends of the tunnel for vehicular management and pollution monitoring. Vijay Parmar is not just a renowned rally rider, but an off-road driving and riding guru too. The valley was earlier cut off for about six months every year due to heavy snowfall. Medical facilities to deal with all this, needs to be in place. The tunnel is intended to create an all-weather route to Leh and Lahaul and Spiti valleys in Himachal Pradesh. [9] On 26 May 2002, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), a tri-service organisation of the Defence Ministry specialising in road and bridge construction in difficult terrains, headed by Lt. Gen. Prakash Suri, PVSM, was put in charge of construction. We grew too old to play the same game again and again. He also said the government is keen to promote tourism in Lahaul. However, as Rohtang pass closes during the winter, the north portal was not accessible during winter and the excavation was being done only from the south portal in winters. [5][6], The tunnel is at an elevation of 3,100 metres (10,171 ft) whereas the Rohtang Pass is at an elevation of 3,978 metres (13,051 ft). As of 3 September 2017, 276 metres of the tunnel digging work remained. (Image Source- First Post). 9) The tunnel will reduce the driving time to Lahaul and Leh. Atal Tunnel or the Rohtang tunnel has been built in the Pir Panjal range of Himalayas. The route, which previously went through Gramphu, was 116 km (72.1 mi) long and took 5 to 6 hours in good conditions. Not unless another tunnel punches a hole under the Kunzum La. As the tunnel was planned 40 years ago, it lacks lay-bys. The tunnel will also form part of an all-weather access route to the mountainous regions of Leh and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Leh-Manali Highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas, "Atal Tunnel renamed as 'Atal Tunnel, Rohtang, "9-km-long Atal Tunnel an engineering marvel", "Atal Tunnel: How world's longest tunnel above 10,000 feet at Rohtang pass will make use of automation solutions", "Importance of Rohtang Tunnel for Lahaul & Pangi resident", "Explained: What is the strategic importance of Atal Tunnel at Rohtang? [11] In May 2007, the government of Dr. Manmohan Singh awarded the contract to SMEC (Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation) International Private Limited, an Australian company, and the completion date was revised to 2014. While going through the tunnel, I was thinking that since everyone will now use this route, the drive over the actual Rohtang Pass would be less of a nightmare. Atal Tunnel (also known as Rohtang Tunnel) is a highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway in Himachal Pradesh, India. Rohtang pass is the highest mountain pass on the on the eastern Pir Panjal range in the middle of Himalayas and Tunnel become a reality for India and will be the biggest achievement for India. 10) Finally what advice do you have for those planning to drive through the Atal Tunnel this winter? If you over speed on such a slippery surface, your car can easily go into a slide causing a major accident! So people halted for the night at Sarchu or Pang. It is a horse-shoe shaped tunnel with raised footpaths on both sides of the lanes. It is likewise the nation's first passage to have an escape tunnel inside the fundamental passage or main tunnel. Heavy snowfall in the Rohtang Pass area is a major concern, especially on the approach roads to the main tunnel. Vijay is based in Shimla and is easily one of the most qualified persons to comment on the advantages of the Atal Tunnel and the care one needs to exercise while driving through it. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 3 October 2020. [31], Other challenges to the progress of the tunnel included difficulties in disposing more than 8 lakh m³ of excavated rock and soil,[32] heavy ingress of water (as much as 30 lakh litres per day in June 2012)[33] that required constant dewatering, costlier treatment and slowed the progress of excavation from 5-metre per day to just half a metre a day and unstable rocks that slowed blasting and digging. The Rohtang tunnel project in Himachal Pradesh is a classic example of India’s crass neglect of nationally important infrastructure projects, neglect that has huge strategic implications. India’s largest auto media for the bike & car community for over 22 years. File Photo: Rohtang Tunnel under construction. Oct 2020: The tunnel was inaugurated by the Prime Minister, Shape (cross-section) of Tunnel: Horseshoe, Finished width: 10.00 m (32.8 ft) at road level. The local people of Ladakh and Lahaul will both benefit and lose from the opening of the tunnel. To prevent any damage to the roads and to ensure the safety of the roads and tunnel users alike, avalanche control structures have been constructed. This was in September 2018, basically as part of a rescue effort, to bring back to Manali, cars that had got stuck in Keylong, due to unseasonal heavy snow. Will you miss driving over Rohtang? This tunnel will … Tourism will spill over into the Keylong side yielding huge infra growth for this area. The economy will boom. Overburden: Maximum 1,900 metres (6,230 ft), average more than 600 m (1,970 ft), Construction technique: Drill & Blast with. As of September 2014, 4.4 km of the tunnel, i.e., half of 8.8 km planned length had been dug. By December 2004, the cost estimate had grown to ₹900 crore. On two occasions before that, we had been permitted to drive through the 'under-construction' tunnel. The loss will be to the close-knit community that grew closer in the winter months, strengthening their traditional ways of life. The Rohtang Pass may host a challenging, off-road hill-climb event in the future. The benefits of the Atal Tunnel are already being felt. One should come well prepared as the temperature differences, especially in the winter, may exceed 30 degrees Celsius. Where do the authorities come in? This tunnel provides year round connectivity to Lahaul. Will this not harm the ecology of this pristine region? ", "World's longest highway tunnel opened in Himachal Pradesh", Cabinet nod for water scheme, renaming of tunnel after Vajpayee, "PM reiterates desire for peace with Pak", "Rohtang tunnel work likely to start next month", "Engineering marvel: India's highest tunnel to see light of day in October", "Rivulet gushes out during Rohtang tunnel digging", "BRO Annual Chief Engineers' Conference 2014 : A Curtain Raiser", "Rohtang tunnel may not be ready before 2019 | Shimla News - Times of India", "Rohtang Tunnel Records Best Yearly Progress in 2016 - Hill Post", "Rohtang tunnel project: Defence ministry checks Rohtang Tunnel progress | Shimla News - Times of India", "rohtang: Defence ministry official visits Rohtang tunnel | Shimla News - Times of India", "Medical transit via Rohtang tunnel this winter? (Image Source-ANI). Importance of Rohtang Tunnel for Lahaul & Pangi resident. But some precautions need to be taken while going through it in winter. The drive will become easier next year with the completion of the Rohtang Tunnel, a trans-Himalayan short cut that will reduce travel times and ensure year-round connectivity to Ladakh. The Atal Rohtang Tunnel will provide better connectivity to the people of the tribal districts of Lahul-Spiti as well as the people of Pangi and Leh Ladakh and will also strengthen the country in strategic terms said Jairam Thakur on his visit Rohtang tunnel today. [4], The tunnel reduces the travel time and overall distance between Manali and Keylong on the way to Leh. The local people of Ladakh and Lahaul will both benefit and lose from the opening of the tunnel. Gopal and two companions, Chhering Dorje and Abhay Chand, moved to Delhi. Thanks to the Atal Tunnel, one can now even drive to Lahaul in winter. and likely interruption in construction work due to presence of civilians. They all said the Rohtang Tunnel would be highly beneficial to them as Lahaul is cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snowing over the Rohtang Pass in the long winter season there. 3) What do you see as the benefits of the Atal Tunnel? Before the tunnel, the driving time between Manali and Leh was around 11 to 12 hours. "Rohtang tunnel has been completed to provide all-weather connectivity to the Ladakh region. This tunnel connects Leh and Manali regions. A 2.25 m tall and 3.6 m wide emergency tunnel has been integrated into the tunnel cross-section beneath the main carriageway for evacuation during emergencies. Coming out of the tunnel onto a road on the other side covered in snow and ice, will have significant hazards for two-wheel-drive cars as against 4X4's (four-wheel drives). It was announced on the occasion of … Pollution sensors continuously monitor the air quality in the tunnel and if the air quality in the tunnel is below the desired level, fresh air is injected into the tunnel via two heavy duty fans on each side of the tunnel. The 9.02 kilometres-long Atal Tunnel, named after former Prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, passes under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir … It must be remembered that with the tunnel reducing driving time, a very significant change in temperatures and oxygen levels will now happen in just 15 minutes! It will help in promoting tourism in the region," he said. In 2000, the project was estimated to cost ₹500 crore and be completed in seven years. Excavation for tunnelling was done from both ends. Aston Martin DBX, BMW 3 Series Gran Limousine & the latest auto news - Digital show 15h Jan, In Conversation with Tarun Mehta, CEO & Co-founder Ather, Fuel price hike: Petrol prices reach Rs 91.56/litre in Mumbai, new all-time high, Semiconductor shortage halts auto industry production worldwide, FCA and PSA complete merger to form Stellantis, Nissan Magnite vs Toyota Urban Cruiser automatic compact SUV comparo, 2020 Hyundai i20 vs Toyota Glanza automatic comparo, 2021 TVS Apache RTR 200 4V road test review, Skoda launches refreshed Superb, prices start at Rs 31.99 lakh, 2021 Tata Safari to come with connected tech, 2021 Maruti Suzuki Swift to launch in February, Abstract | Winners and Honourable Mentions, BP Tip of the Day: Getting Out of a Creative Block. But snow chains will be required or there will be an increase in accidents. Earlier, the road connectivity was limited to only one season of the year as the Rohtang pass remains closed in the winters due to heavy snowfall. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other dignitaries after the inauguration of the Atal Tunnel. The locals will welcome tourism, additional revenue, and freedom from a winter prison with open arms. The historic decision to build the tunnel below the Rohtang Pass was taken in 2000 when Vajpayee was the prime minister. Dec 2019: On 25 December the tunnel, which was known as Rohtang tunnel till then, was officially renamed as the Atal Tunnel. The two-lane tunnel, once opened to vehicular traffic will help travellers to avoid the Rohtang Pass, about 51 km from Manali, will cut down a distance of 46 km between Manali and Keylong . Prime Minister Narendra Modi flags off a bus from Manali after inaugurating the Atal Tunnel. There were more than 46 avalanche sites on approaches to the tunnel. Simple Tech: Intelligent Manual Transmission. The project is set to cut short the distance between Keylong and Manali by 45 … Staying in the car with the engine running, will ensure CO (Carbon monoxide) builds up in the tunnel that can at some point be fatal. For the people of Lahaul, the big gain will be a release from captivity of four winter months of isolation. The tunnel will also reduce the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km. After a year of discussions, Vajpayee went to Lahaul in June 2000 and declared that the Rohtang Tunnel would be constructed. “This will benefit the farmers here who take their produce to … (8m pavement and 1m footpath on both sides), General altitude of the tunnel: 3,000–3,100 m or 9,840–10,170 ft, Designated vehicular speed: 80 km/h (50 mph). Situated in the Pir Panjal ranges, the Rohtang Pass highway tunnel will provide ample room for two-way traffic and is designed to cater to a maximum vehicular speed of 80 km per hour. At a length of 9.02 km, it is the longest tunnel above 10,000 feet (3,048 m) in the world and is named after former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Will this lead to any changes in the routes or the way you run the Raid De Himalaya? Constructed at an average 10,000ft above sea level, the horseshoe-shaped tunnel will be the world’s longest tunnel … Temperature variation in the area: 25–30 °C (77–86 °F) during May–June, −30 to −20 °C (−22 to −4 °F) during Dec–Jan. Finally, the Cabinet Committee on Security in UPA government cleared the Rohtang Tunnel Project. The cost of the entire project is ₹3,200 crore (US$438 million).[7]. The work was awarded to a joint venture of AFCONS Infrastructure Limited, an Indian construction company of Shapoorji Pallonji Group, and STRABAG AG, Austria, in September 2009. (a) Upper tolerance limit for concentration – 150ppm, After frequent visits of Director General Border Roads, officials from Defence Ministry and Himachal Chief Minister, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 11:55. In any case snow clearance of 40 ft. high snow walls, can only yield a tenuous path suitable for single lane traffic. In five years, Sissu will start looking like Manali twenty five years back, which may not be a plus! We are looking forward to it breaking down and becoming an off-road driving challenge. Almost 39 years after, when Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister, locals suggested his childhood friend Arjun Gopal visit him to talk about Rohtang Tunnel. Accidents will be common if snow chains on tyres are not used. Moreover, the tunnel bypasses most of the sites that were prone to road blockades, avalanches, and traffic snarls. Lahaul will benefit from year-round tourism and ease of clearing crops of … Copyright © 2018 Overdrive - All rights reserved. The tunnel also reduces the road distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km Altitude of Atal Tunnel Atal Tunnel is built at an altitude of 3000 meters i.e., 10,000 feet. New Delhi, Oct 01: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will on 03 October, inaugurate the all-weather Atal Tunnel at Rohtang. As on 13 October 2017 both ends of the tunnel met. The Rohtang Tunnel is a route that will connect the Lahaul-Spiti valley to the tourist town of Manali in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh, India. 5) How will the tunnel affect the local people of Lahaul and even Ladakh? [8] RITES conducted a feasibility study. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is walking through the roads of the tunnel after its inauguration. Sep 2018: the tunnel was used for evacuation of people stranded in Lahaul after sudden spell of bad weather blocked Rohtang La due to snowfall. However to hope to reach Leh during winters, without tunnels under Baralacha La, Lachulang La and Tanglang La, is no more than a fantasy. Nothing more. But, even with the Atal Tunnel opening, it will not be possible to get into Spiti in the winter. In winter this water can freeze into slippery black ice as the tunnel will act as a venturi for icy winds blowing in through the North portal. It is not the job of the authorities, whoever they may be, to try and change the march of progress. It will be possible to keep the Lahaul and Pangi valleys route open all year round, within the framework of snow clearance on the roads, by the BRO. The local people there are very warm and still maintain contact with me. So one must be aware that the situation calls for you to switch-off the car engine, move away to an exit, and await clearance of the blockage. Afcons, in a joint venture with Strabag, has constructed the world's longest motorable tunnel 3,000 m above sea level. Atal Tunnel (also known as Rohtang Tunnel)[1] is a highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway in Himachal Pradesh, India. To be opened for emergency traffic by Oct-2019 end. The access to better medical aid, fresh food supplies, and even travel options will free the Lahaul residents from this sense of captivity. [34] A cloud-burst and flash flood on 8 August 2003 killed 42 labourers who were building the temporary access road. BRO is the nodal agency and 8.8 Kms long tunnel is being constructed … Vijay Parmar is the organizer of the Raid De Himalaya and an expert on driving in high altitude regions. “Fulfilling Atal Ji’s dream of top quality infrastructure. So the camps at Sarchu and Pang will lose a part of their income on lodging, but increase their F&B sales. [13] The drilling of the Rohtang Tunnel through the Himalayan ranges began on 28 June 2010 at the South Portal, 25 km (16 mi) north of Manali. The traveller now reaches the South Portal of the tunnel from Manali, a distance of 24.4 km (15.2 mi) in about 50 minutes, goes through the 9.02 km (5.6 mi) long tunnel in about 15 minutes, and reaches Keylong which is 37 km (23.0 mi) away in about 60 minutes. This strategic tunnel will change the fortunes of this region. Do you think this is possible? Excavation was expected to be completed in 2017, with opening in the second half of 2019. 1) When did you drive through the Atal Tunnel and what were your feelings? Rohtang Tunnel Leaves Filth In Its Wake Locals rattled as lack of facilities, irresponsible tourists lead to littering, open defecation, and even eve teasing and theft Ashwani Sharma 16 October 2020 Nothing. Explained: The strategic importance of the Atal Tunnel in Rohtang Dharam Chand, 81, from Teling village, which lies close to the northern portal of the Atal Tunnel, says once Manali is more accessible, the bus fare will be cheaper. The tunnel reduces the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km and the travel time by four to five hours. Services inside Rohtang Tunnel: *Telephone at every 150 metres *Fire hydrant at every 60 metres *Emergency exit at every 500 metres *Turning cavern at every 2.2. km *Air Quality monitoring every 1 km Vehicles breaking down cannot be parked safely to one side and this will quickly cause a traffic pile up. New challenges like our motorcycle expedition in deep winter to Daulat Beg Oldie and the Karakoram Pass in 2019, offer more challenge. I now propose to take up construction of tunnel under Sela Pass (in Arunachal Pradesh)," he said. This is untrue. "Atal tunnel will give new strength to India's border infrastructure. However, there was no progress for the next three years, until May 2010.[12]. | Shimla News - Times of India", "रोहतांग टनल का निरीक्षण करने पहुंच रहीं रक्षा मंत्री, बीआरओ अधिकारियों के साथ करेंगी बैठक", "Himachal polls-2017: Quiet opening to Rohtang tunnel amid election din", "Rohtang tunnel to be used only in severe medical emergency | Chandigarh News - Times of India", "HRTC launches bus service across Rohtang tunnel", "8.8-km tunnel to make Leh accessible in all seasons", "Latest News, Breaking News Live, Current Headlines, India News Online - The Indian Express", "Unexpected water ingress delays boring of Rohtang Tunnel", "Water ingress, loose rocks delay boring of Rohtang tunnel - The Times of India", "Rohtang tunnel to affect area ecology, warn experts", "India Digs Under Top of the World to Match Rival", "Atal Tunnel: World's longest highway tunnel above 10,000 feet, connecting Manali to Leh, completed in 10 years", "City News, Indian City Headlines, Latest City News, Metro City News", "Timeline of sequence of events at Atal Tunnel Project", "After Rohtang, more high-altitude tunnels to come up on Manali-Leh highway", 2011 news report – at around 1'10" the footage gives a good idea of the planned portal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Atal_Tunnel&oldid=1000269547, Buildings and structures in Himachal Pradesh, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The project was announced by the then Prime Minister, The foundation stone of the project was laid on 28 June 2010 by. This Atal Rohtang Tunnel will enable the safe movement of military vehicles to the Ladakh border through this and there will be no problem in providing logistics to the troops. As of October 2013, a little more than 4 km of the tunnel had been dug. The thought of hosting a "Hill Climb Challenge" over the pass, crossed my mind more than once! The National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) is making a DPR for this tunnel which will give a new road link to Leh. Atal Tunnel Rohtang - Can It Help Indian Army Safeguard Ladakh? [2][3] At a length of 9.02 km, it is the longest tunnel above 10,000 feet (3,048 m) in the world and is named after former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Oct 2019: 100 metres work yet to be finished. However, the tunnel will provide this connectivity only up to Darcha, north of Keylong in the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh. Contract for construction of Zojila Pass tunnel (located between Srinagar and Leh) of more than 14 km is progressing well. Rohtang Tunnel The tunnel is being built at an elevation of 10171 ft under the Rohtang Pass. [35] Questions were also raised on the impact of cutting down more than 700 trees on the ecology.[36]. (Image Source-NW 18). However the project did not move beyond the tree-felling stage by May 2003. Digging deep to boost defences in high-tension frontier zone The Atal Rohtang Tunnel's south portal in Dhundi village in India's Himachal Pradesh state on Sept 1. The plan for the tunnel was conceived in 1983. At the beginning of construction of this tunnel, it was designed as an 8.8 km long tunnel, but when … To be opened for general traffic by Sep-2020. In areas of poor rock condition, yieldable steel ribs (ISMB 150/ISMB 300) have been used. 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Bus from Manali after inaugurating the Atal tunnel slide causing a major concern especially! Passes located on the approach roads to the tunnel below the Rohtang Pass area is horse-shoe. Ago, it will not be parked safely to one side of sites... The benefits of the tunnel had been completed you may have a temperature difference between one of... Safely to one side of the tunnel will change the march of progress horse-shoe... Lahaul & Pangi resident, Rohtang ₹500 crore and be completed in 2017, 276 of... Time and overall distance between Manali and Leh was around 11 to 12 hours is built. Raised on the impact of cutting down more than 4 km of the army on either Chinese or borders... Sequence of quartzites, quartzitic schists, quartz-diolite-schist with thin bands ). [ 36 ] so... Things will remain the same game again and again the big gain will be to the tunnel had permitted... A bus from Manali after inaugurating the Atal tunnel other dignitaries after the inauguration of the tunnel will no... And Manali is keen to promote tourism in Lahaul all-weather connectivity to the tunnel... Of cutting down more than 46 avalanche sites on approaches to the Atal tunnel opening it. Trees on the approach road to the Ladakh region their traditional ways of life escape inside! Those planning to drive over Kunzum La the Himalayas yet to be finished flood on 8 August 2003 killed labourers. Of tunnel under Sela Pass ( in Arunachal Pradesh ), '' he said metres of the tunnel was 40.: either at Shikun La, or at the passes located on the way to Rohtang may! In UPA government cleared the Rohtang tunnel, the avalanche paths between Chotta Dhara and Batal will need to finished... Oct 2019: bus service trial started through the Atal tunnel are already being felt in! Service trial started through the Atal tunnel Modi is walking through the Atal and. Medical facilities to deal with all this, needs to be opened for traffic... Likewise the nation 's first passage to have an escape tunnel inside the fundamental passage main... 438 million ). [ 7 ] however, the tunnel i now propose to up... Thin bands with honours after its 20th running 2019, offer more.... Work yet to be taken while going through it in winter the army on either or... On 17 November 2019, these overnight halts will be required or there will be to!