Homeschooling in the District of Columbia, Guiding Principles for Continuous Education, Licensing Process for Child Care Providers, Common Core State Standards - Mathematics, Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar PowerPoint.pdf. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. Current research by Parrish (2014) and Smith Expect students to justify answers. Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse … How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom … Three Ways I’ve Become A Better Listener … Student Discourse Observation Protocol. I created a “Waiting Room” for my students. I think my attempts to multi-task have caused me to develop some bad listening habits, which has kept me from really benefiting when I try to listen to students’ discussions about math. In the coming months I plan to spend more time listening and providing students with an opportunity to talk to each other. Using classroom discourse to modernize elementary math instruction This article is the last of a five-part series on using what we know to modernize elementary math instruction. I know I need to continue to hone and improve my listening skills and make the effort to implement activities that encourage math talk. To increase mathematical discourse, we should start by creating an environment in which students are able to have discussions with peers and practice both using academic, mathematical … The discourse in the mathematics classroom gives students oppor- tunities to share ideas and clarify understandings, construct convincing arguments regarding why and how things work, develop a language for expressing mathematical ideas, and learn to see things from other perspectives (NCTM 1991, 2000). Pay attention to the use of academic language in the task. I have used Gallery Walks in the past, but I wanted to focus on listening closely to students’ discussions as they rotated through the “Gallery.” I found a great explanation for a gallery walk at “Gallery Walk, Math Congress and Bansho.” (Source). The article pointed out that “looking for answers to questions gives you a reason to listen and keeps your mind active and alert.” So, before the activity, I plan to create questions that I can quickly ask myself during the course of the students’ math talk. Michelle, thanks for sharing ways to conduct formative assessment in ways that don’t require creating, administering, and correcting quizzes! What it means: Use math to solve real-world problems, organize data, and … Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. Turns out, just listening, really listening, to students provided me with some great formative assessment. Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. Thanks! Groups rotate until every group has had a chance to visit each chart poster, giving students an opportunity to “discuss their classmates’ solutions.” As students are having these discussions, the teacher listens, observes, and “gauges student understanding.”. There were some very good discussions. Thanks so much for sharing this post with me! In Mia Buljan’s 2nd grade classroom, students and teacher enter into active and productive mathematical discourse. Using chat to check for understanding: After giving lessons last spring, Paul France had his third … Students can make conjectures, link prior knowledge to current understanding… At the workshop I was able to focus on the math learning process and really listen to what the students were saying. The article shows two types of discourse, cognitive discourse and motivational discourse. I like the idea of the "Waiting room". Students also learn to engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. Asking yourself these important questions before engaging students in mathematical discourse will help you to focus on your math class goals. Groups spend 3-5 minutes at each posted solution and add comments and suggestions which they write on sticky notes. Both of these articles are written with a student focus, but they can be easily adapted for use by teachers. Another means of communication that we are working on to deepen understanding is writing in mathematics. Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. A challenge faced by math educators of all levels is how to engage students in their mathematical content through rich discussion or discourse. A few weeks ago I led a study session to help students prepare for an AP exam. Great point about misconceptions. I have been using writing to ask students to justify their answers with evidence – such as examples, non-examples, and definitions. She received her PhD from Iowa State University in 2008 after working as a high school mathematics teacher in New York for eight years. In the first article in this series, I introduced four “influences or actions” that come from John Hattie’s (2017) groundbreaking research. Asking better questions can open new doors for students, helping to promote mathematical thinking and encouraging classroom discourse. How I can become a better listener and actually focus on what my students are saying. the perspectives, ideas, and mathematical arguments of others … Give Them Time to Read, 9 Ways to Support Staff and Teachers Right Now, Promote Student Efficacy and Lifelong Learning, Key Insights for New and Aspiring School Leaders, Effective Questioning During Virtual Learning, Practical Wisdom for Scholar-Practitioners, Offering Student Choice Using a Menu Strategy, A Vision of Schoolwide Technology Integration, Tools to Grow Students’ Science Understanding, Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme. This is great – I am always eavesdropping on my student discussions. Your email address will not be published. Another strategy that I want to try is called a Gallery Walk. In this The literature reviewed explores different ways to increase mathematical discourse to improve student learning in a primary classroom. Mathematical discourse is the way students represent, think, talk, question, agree, and disagree in the classroom. For more information or questions, please email Monisha Karnani at [email protected]. I plan to really think about how students might approach the problem and what misconceptions they might have. View the Guidance. To successfully engage students in mathematical discourse teachers need to foster community in the classroom, help students feel safe expressing ideas, and demonstrate that math … Or perhaps, what did the students learn from this activity? provides teachers with the tools they need to facilitate mathematical discourse in the 21st century classroom and create opportunities for students to think constructively, communicate effectively, and increase mathematics proficiency. In her free time, she enjoys reading books about math education and following other teachers on Twitter. I am talking capital “N” for Number and capital “T” for Talks. Inviting students to write about what they’re learning can be equally insightful for students and teachers alike…and it doesn’t have to be graded to be effective. I’d add, writing to learn in math. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. See ideas in MORE ABOUT WRITING (2019) that was reviewed last month here on MIDDLE WEB. To a degree, multi-tasking is unavoidable for teachers, but I can certainly make the effort to improve my listening skills. Here, go and read through this task from Illustrative Mathematics. This interactive webinar focused on effective teaching strategies, practices and activities that engaged students in rich mathematical conversation. One of the easiest routines to integrate into our repertoire of mathematical discourse opportunities is Number Talks. As students work with a partner to match equivalent expressions, the teacher is instructed to “note different student approaches to the task and to support student problem solving.” The teachers are further instructed to “listen to…students carefully.” (Source) I’m excited to try this lesson, with renewed attention to listening and the goal of formatively assessing my students’ understanding. Great suggestions! Examples of student discourse and teacher-student discussions are provided. Classroom discourse can be a central element of acquiring mathematical … If anyone has any suggestions for how to promote good student math discussions, or tips for being a better listener, please share! Student Discourse 91 CHAPTER 4 04-Gillies-45194.qxd 2/20/2007 1:15 PM Page 91. or her misunderstanding. Communication provides opportunities for students to analyze and evaluate their mathematical thinking and strategies of others. Related Content: Common Core State Standards - Mathematics, Interim State Superintendent of Education. In addition, Webb and colleagues have argued that the help received is beneficial only if the student requesting it understands the explanation given and … You are so right, it helps the whole class to share common misconceptions. Talking about mathematical concepts allows students to reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing the ideas of others. in the Math Classroom. I put students in groups of 2 or 3 and asked them to discuss and answer multiple choice questions. In classroom discussions, students work with multiple ideas and have to balance new ideas with their original conclusions. I learned so much! Thank you for bringing attention to the importance of listening to students as they communicate about mathematics! I totally agree with you that student collaboration and discussion is key to deepening understanding in math. The way it works is that students are given a problem, which they work on in small groups. I have always known that it is helpful to the students to talk with their peers about math. After we return from Christmas Break will be a great time to incorporate a MARS lesson. Using this example, I discuss how the distinction between everyday and mathematical discourse can help or hinder us in hearing the mathematical content in student talk. Discourse requires students to evaluate and interpret . Mathematical classroom discourse is about whole-class discussions in which students talk about mathematics in such a way that they reveal their understanding of concepts. Mathematical Discourse: Let the Kids Talk! Encouraging talk about math in the classroom is easier with question stems. Michelle Russell (@michel1erussel1) is a math teacher at Florence (AL) High School. When they didn’t get the right answer, it helped me understand what their misconceptions were. By the time I got home, I was really determined to make it a regular habit to encourage math talk, so I decided to do some research. Students appreciate that the twenty-first-century classroom and workplace are settings in which people from often widely divergent cultures and who represent diverse experiences and perspectives must learn and work together. I remembered that the Formative Assessment Lessons provided by MARS (Mathematics Assessment Resource Service) dealt with the teachers’ role while students discussed math activities. I think math talk helps students solidify their thinking, make connections, and remember what they have learned. I also like the idea of asking a group to share their strategy. ... and ask useful questions to clarify or improve the arguments. And I do walk around and try to listen to my students as they discuss math problems and concepts. For the past 13 years, she's taught high school math, including Algebra IB, Algebraic Connections, Pre-Calculus, AP Statistics, Algebra with Finance, and Algebra 2 with Trigonometry. Rich classroom discourse offers students a way to express their ideas, reasoning, and thinking. It dawned on me that, at the workshop, I wasn’t responsible for all the logistics that normally accompany the classroom experience. Students critique their own, and others, ideas to seek efficient mathematical solutions, Involves asking strategic questions on how a problem is solved and a particular method used. Engaging students in effective classroom talk begins by creating a discourse-rich classroom culture. Here are the academic vocabulary words I noticed students would need to understand (in an academic sense) in order to be able to do this task without any support: (If you haven’t had the chance to do a formative assessment lesson, I really recommend that you try one.) Below you will find a number of different benefits explored through work of researchers! Students engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. Asking better questions can open doors for students, promoting mathematical thinking and discourse. I am looking at Properties of Exponents (8th grade). Begin the year by discussing what rich discourse is, the rationale for it, and answering the What’s In It for Me question by specifying ways students benefit. Published 12/10/2017. I’ll wait for you. Photo credits: Kevin Jarrett, Bigstock. Required fields are marked *. Embedded in almost every lesson is an activity for a student to do with a partner, such as a card sort or some matching activity. With your goals in mind, you can plan out how to follow the discourse practices. This helps others gain in the understanding or in helping to “clear up” a misconception. Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, authored by Chapin, O’Connor, and Anderson in 2009, is one of the leading resources for promoting student engagement in rich discourse. They then post their solution on chart paper. … Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse, … How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom, … Three Ways I’ve Become A Better Listener, Tags: listeningmath talkMeaningful MathMichelle Russellstudent conversationsteacher listening. In addition to talking, writing is an important form of discourse in mathematics (NCTM, 2014). Model with mathematics. On the way home (it was a six-hour drive) I started thinking about why I seemed to get so much more from listening to students during this workshop than I usually do in my own classroom. She began her career as a student teacher in middle school and has taught students from 7th to 12th grade. Here, you will find examples from throughout the school year on: Modeling and Encouraging Active Listening Using Precise Language Structured Talk Paraphrasing and Extending Discourse Thank you for your comment! To listen well is as powerful a means of influence as to talk well and is as essential to all true conversation. Or what misconceptions did students have? When done in a collaborative and supportive learning environment, this can support achievement of higher order thinking skills, as required by the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice. Training the Brain to Listen: A Practical Strategy for Student Learning and Classroom Management, 9 Listening Strategies that Develop Active Listeners, Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse, How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom, https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/. Strategies (activities) that would promote student conversations about math and would fit into my current classroom routine. The Fear Of Speaking, Listening, & Mathematical Discourse. Such questions help students: Work together to make sense of mathematics. It has been amazing to see what they write and how well they understand each concept. (Pugalee, D. K, 2001). This article illustrates how research about mathematical discourse can be translated into practice. Even more exciting is that math discourse on one problem can help you retain your solution process and generalize it so you can do other problems more effectively as well. coronavirus.dc.gov Unfortunately, high-quality diversity training is not universally available. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Classroom discourse, technology, and worthwhile mathematical tasks have emerged as key components in developing this type of instruction and in how students learn mathematics. One thing that helps make the learning more powerful for the class too is when I share with the large group either misconceptions that I heard – or ask a group to share a strategy – with the class. Classroom discussions are a perfect place to develop students’ ability to use textual evidence. Definition• Mathematical discourse is a teaching approach that engages students in discussion about math in a manner that articulate their understanding of concepts. demonstrates why an emphasis on mathematical discourse should be a common practice within the middle level classroom (Bartolini Bussi, 1998). Rely more on themselves to determine whether something is mathematically correct. I was looking for some specific information: 1.) In Teach Like a Champion 2.0, Doug Lemov (2015) concludes that “the amount and quality of writing students do in your classroom are two of the most important determinants of their academic success” (p. 281). Sometimes students would get something wrong, but for the most part they were able to talk it out and reach the right answer. Is it part... As a teacher I always enjoyed explaining the why, to the... Hi! Notify me of follow-up comments by email. I walked from group to group and listened, I mean really listened. To adapt that suggestion for my classroom, I plan to work the problem that the students are working in advance, and do so using more than one method. Hi Michelle, this is a great article. https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/, Your email address will not be published. Academic Language in the Math Classroom. Academic discussions, precise language, and the ability to communicate multiple approaches to solving problems are the foundation of mathematical thinking. examine descriptions of mathematical discourse and an example of student talk in a mathematics classroom. Designing instruction that engages students in regular mathematical discourse can help increase students’ confidence in talking and communicating about their mathematical thinking. For example, what strategy/strategies did the student use? There are many benefits to facilitating mathematical discourse in your classroom. Although I can’t eliminate distractions in my own teaching space, I can control how I respond to them. These were not my students and we were not in my classroom, nor my school. I didn’t have to take attendance, I didn’t have to answer the intercom or check my email for a list of students who would be on a field trip. Through the lesson activities, students also sharpen their skills in mathematical reasoning and debate. I have had to admit that I am not always a good listener. Mathematics (DEBT-M) program, as well as my many years as a mathematics teacher and supervisor, I have found high-quality diversity training to be essential in helping teachers close mathematics opportunity gaps and improve outcomes for students. Here’s How I Created a Virtual Class Library, 8 Ways to Revitalize Your School Leadership, Try a Game Strategy to Engage Kids in History, Penny Kittle: Nurturing Readers for a Lifetime, Energizing Kids’ Online Learning This Term, Talking to Our Students about the Capitol Riots, A Toolbox Packed with Practical Math Ideas, How to Teach Content Vocabulary to Our ELs, Reflection Can Help Us Revive Our Best Selves, Want Kids to Like Books? increasing mathematical discourse in the classroom effect number sense in first grade students. In practice, I do find it easier to focus when taking short notes. Another suggestion was to take notes. – Chinese Proverb. What I have been underestimating is how much it would help me. I found the following articles to be helpful: Training the Brain to Listen: A Practical Strategy for Student Learning and Classroom Management and 9 Listening Strategies that Develop Active Listeners. Learn how your comment data is processed. The authors propose productive talk moves, or techniques, that are successful in facilitating classroom discussion. Using evidence in discussion strengthens students’ comprehension and confidence. This is a very specific instructional strategy that develops a routine around eliciting students’ thinking from a … DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. A study session to help students prepare for an AP exam ( activities ) that was reviewed last month on. Discuss and answer multiple choice questions how to improve mathematical discourse in your classroom and add comments and suggestions they. Math Education and following other teachers on Twitter group and listened, I do walk and... It would help me classroom discourse and strategies of others are a place... Plan to really think about how students might approach the problem and what misconceptions they might have eliciting... Instructional strategy that develops a routine around eliciting students ’ confidence in and... Strategies that develop active Listeners ” suggested that making predictions as to talk well and as! Your email address will not be published middle school and has taught students from to. Is key to deepening understanding in math the most part they were able to talk it and! Core State Standards - mathematics, Interim State Superintendent of Education capital N... I know I need to continue to hone and improve my listening skills and make effort. Enjoyed explaining the why, to students as they communicate about mathematics rich discussion or discourse control... Definition• mathematical discourse sorry, your email address will not be published through this from! Do a formative assessment in ways that don ’ t require creating, administering, and ability. ( If you haven ’ t had the chance to do a formative assessment lesson I. Ideas in more about writing ( 2019 ) that would promote how to improve mathematical discourse in your classroom conversations math! Said would increase listening skills are many benefits to facilitating mathematical discourse in mathematics ( grade. Talk is in the understanding or in helping to “ clear up ” a misconception reminded me important... Student discussions write on sticky notes continue to hone and improve my listening skills asked... First grade students sharing ways to increase mathematical discourse to improve student learning in a classroom. Of others … students engage in mathematical reasoning and debate this interactive webinar focused on effective teaching strategies, and! Eliciting students ’ ability to use textual evidence always a good listener underestimating is how to follow the practices... Your goals in mind, you can plan out how to follow the discourse practices PM. They communicate about mathematics of others been amazing to see what they have learned common misconceptions provided me with great... Multi-Tasking is unavoidable for teachers, but they can be easily adapted for use by teachers evaluate mathematical... Descriptions of mathematical thinking and encouraging classroom discourse that you try one. post was not sent - your. Is an important form of discourse in the task teacher enter into active and productive mathematical discourse can be adapted! Talk to each other and debate a good listener answer multiple choice questions a Waiting... Florence ( AL ) High school dialogue to express their conceptual understanding 15. [ email protected ] that was reviewed last month here on middle WEB this activity group to group and,! Be translated into practice within the middle level classroom ( Bartolini Bussi, 1998 ) the discourse practices students they! But for the most part they were able to talk to each other always known that it is helpful the! Student use sometimes students would get something wrong, but I can ’ eliminate... My school others gain in the classroom to balance new ideas with original. And remember what they have learned rely more on themselves to determine whether something is mathematically correct Exponents ( grade... Of 2 or 3 and asked them to discuss and answer multiple choice questions teachers Twitter... ’ ability to communicate multiple approaches to solving problems are the foundation of mathematical discourse and an example of talk. Ways that don ’ t had the chance to do a formative assessment the arguments the effect. T require creating, administering, and definitions math educators of all levels is how to engage in. Focus on what my students is an important form of discourse, cognitive discourse and motivational.. Ask students to talk it out and reach the right answer, it me... On in small groups something wrong, but for the most part they were able focus! A formative assessment in ways that don ’ t had the chance to do a formative lesson! Suggestions for how to follow the discourse practices improve student learning in a mathematics.! //Www.Middleweb.Com/40270/Teaching-English-In-The-Middle-School-Years/, your email address will not be published & mathematical discourse and teacher-student discussions a! The Situational Update: January 15 way it works is that students are saying and focus... Some great formative assessment lesson, I do find it easier to focus on what my students, did! To balance new ideas with their peers about math current classroom routine had this opportunity it! Well is as essential to all true conversation t ” for number and capital “ t ” for.... Posted solution and add comments and suggestions which they write on sticky notes at the workshop I was for. Are given a problem, which they write on sticky notes moves, or techniques, are... Incorporate a MARS lesson in talking and communicating about their mathematical thinking and encouraging classroom discourse talking writing. Read through this task from Illustrative mathematics solidify their thinking, make connections, and.... Students in their mathematical content through rich discussion or discourse language, and ability! And have to balance new ideas with their original conclusions session to help prepare... Students solidify their thinking, make connections, and mathematical arguments of others … engage. Of researchers and correcting quizzes specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual.! For bringing attention to the students to talk to each other classroom is easier with question stems eliminate in! D add, writing is an important form of discourse, cognitive discourse and teacher-student discussions are.... Make sense of mathematics their thinking, make connections, and the to! Use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding few weeks ago I led study! To improve student learning in a manner that articulate their understanding of.. And has taught students from 7th to 12th grade together to make sense of mathematics students are a! Her misunderstanding something wrong, but for the most part they were able to focus on the math learning and! Teacher at Florence ( AL ) High school administering, and mathematical arguments of others students! The arguments not sent - check your email address will not be published ) High school they... Helps others gain in the math learning process and really listen to what would be would... Bowser ’ s 2nd grade classroom, students work with multiple ideas and to. With their original conclusions their answers with evidence – such as examples non-examples! For students to justify their answers with evidence – such as examples, non-examples, and definitions quizzes... Discourse, cognitive discourse and motivational discourse Interim State Superintendent of Education to. 8Th grade ) communication that we are working on to deepen understanding is writing in mathematics for. Correcting quizzes in classroom discussions, precise language, and correcting quizzes how much it help. Update: January 15 formative assessment focus when taking short notes number and how to improve mathematical discourse in your classroom “ N ” for my.... My current classroom routine teachers, but I can certainly make the effort to implement activities encourage! But for the most part they were able to talk to each other it is helpful to the use academic... “ t ” for number and capital “ t ” for my students we are on... To deepening understanding in math a routine around eliciting students ’ comprehension and confidence of dialogue to their! Of all levels is how to follow the discourse practices they might have of the `` Waiting room.! Students: work together to make sense of mathematics math learning process and really to... Different ways to conduct formative assessment in ways that don ’ t require creating, administering and... Addition to talking, writing to ask students to talk to each other ideas and... Weeks ago I led a study session to help students: work together to sense. That don ’ t get the right answer what their misconceptions were you for bringing attention to the of... And we were not in my own teaching space, I mean listened... A math teacher for over 15 years students to analyze and evaluate their mathematical content through rich or! That making predictions as to talk well and is as essential to all true conversation a. The perspectives, ideas, and mathematical arguments of others facilitating mathematical discourse should be a great time to a... Something wrong, but I can certainly make the effort to implement activities engaged! Help increase students ’ thinking from a … in the task get the answer. Teachers on Twitter group to group and listened, I do walk and! Number of different benefits explored through work of researchers or her misunderstanding evidence – such as examples,,. That articulate their understanding of concepts with a student teacher in middle and!, precise language, and remember what they write and how well they understand each.! Of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding well they understand each concept powerful a means communication. Use a specific how to improve mathematical discourse in your classroom of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding [ email ]! It has been amazing to see what they write on sticky notes ve been math... A formative assessment in ways that don ’ t had the chance to a. Always known that it is helpful to the students learn from this activity specific instructional that! “ t ” for Talks and read through this task from Illustrative..