The French colonies of North America were considerably less sophisticated than those of the English, Spanish, and Dutch in the 1500s and 1600s. The French colonies were administrated through the secretary of state for the navy, and naval troops garrisoned New France. Its first colony, Quebec, was established in 1608 to develop the fur trade along North America’s Atlantic coast. American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.The colonies grew both geographically along the Atlantic coast and westward and numerically to 13 from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775–81). The French and the British engaged in a fierce rivalry over colonies during the late 18th and early 19th centuries led to armed conflict in North America and India. Within 150 years, France had claimed the area from the Gulf of St. Lawrence in the East, westward to … Early colonization projects French and Dutch exploration in the New World The French marines were organized into independent companies called Compagnies franches. I decided to reweave the links between France and the former North American colonies, which allows me to : - Take Haiti and assimilate the Afro-French people - Taking all of Canada for 10 of infamy and a war against England - Annex all the Lousiane (and a little more) for 25 … The colonies declared independence in 1776 to … The 13 Colonies were a group of colonies of Great Britain that settled on the Atlantic coast of America in the 17th and 18th centuries. New France was the French colonial empire in North America. At the close of the Napoleonic Wars, most of France's colonies were restored to it by Britain, notably Guadeloupe and Martinique in the West Indies, French Guiana on the coast of South America, various trading posts in Senegal, the Île de Bourbon (Réunion) in … THE FIRST FRENCH AMERICANS Many of the earliest French settlements in North America were mainly intended as trading outposts. Early colonization projects Lesson summary: French and Dutch colonization Huguenot settlers immigrated to the American colonies directly from France and indirectly from the Protestant countries of Europe, including the Netherlands, England, Germany, and Switzerland. Given the history of English and Spanish colonial expansion into North America, it’s easy to forget New France, a vast territory where the French had a significant stake in the New World. Jean Ribaut, a French Huguenot sailor, established two of the first French colonies near Beaufort, South Carolina, and Jacksonville, Florida, in the 1550s. During the French and Indian War, naval gunner-bombardier companies were also stationed in North America. The first French colonies were in North America, India, and the Caribbean after the Spanish and the Portuguese successfully established colonies.