W ith the term Victoria, it is understandable that we are talking about the era of Queen Victoria.The reign of great Queen Victoria over Great Britain lasted from 1837 to 1901. Architecture is about evolution, not revolution. On the other hand, terms such as "Painted Ladies" or "gingerbread" may be used to describe certain Victorian buildings, but do not constitute a specific style. Innovations in building techniques and mass-produced building materials that could be transported by rail—such as newly machine-made bricks, gray roofing slate from Wales, or the arrival of plate glass in the 1930s that increased window size from previous periods—saved builders time and helped lead to a housing boom during the 1850s and 1870s that saw millions of Victorians constructed. Perspective, Raheel Ahmad, History and Style of Victorian Architecture and Hardware, Photographs of Victorian Homes in Hamilton, Ontario Canada, Victorian era architecture in San Francisco, California, Victorian era architecture and history in Buffalo, New York, Architectural influences on Victorian style, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Victorian_architecture&oldid=998668164, 19th-century architecture in the United Kingdom, 19th-century architecture in the United States, Victorian architecture in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 13:34. The Victorian architecture is a mixture of many styles like the Italianate, stick east-lake, Queen Anne. In the US, the South End of Boston is recognized by the National Register of Historic Places as the oldest and largest Victorian neighborhood in the country. While Scottish architects pioneered this style it soon spread right across the United Kingdom and remained popular for another forty years. [4], Melbourne's world heritage Royal Exhibition Building, built in 1880 (Free Classical), General Post Office, Sydney in the Free Classical style (1891), St Peters Cathedral, Adelaide, South Australia (Gothic Revival), Queen Victoria Building in Romanesque style (1898), South Melbourne Town Hall in Second Empire style, St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney in Victorian Gothic architecture (1882), Victorian Mannerist architecture lining a street in Sydney, State Library of Victoria of the Academic Classical style (1870), North Terrace of the University of Adelaide in Victorian Tudor style, Italianate home in Randwick, New South Wales, Filigree style terraces in Surry Hills with ornate iron-wrought detailing, Second Empire and Filigree residence in South Yarra, Victoria. Normally, they applied architectural styles that were fashionable when they left England. Victorian architecture synonyms, Victorian architecture pronunciation, Victorian architecture translation, English dictionary definition of Victorian architecture. Victorian-era architecture spanned more than 60 years and it encompasses a jumble of overlapping styles that include early Gothic Revival, Folk Victorian, Greek Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Stick, Romanesque Revival, Shingle, Colonial Revival, and the popular Queen Anne style at the tail end of the era. Seen from Alamo Square Park, these San Francisco Victorian row houses are perhaps the country’s most famous. Victorian-era architecture is marked by its unapologetic devotion to ornament and flourish and its ornate maximalist interior design. [15], Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, by Frank Furness, Allegheny County Courthouse, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by Henry Hobson Richardson, The California Southern Railroad's San Diego passenger terminal, built in 1887, Banff Springs Hotel, Banff National Park, Alberta, built in 1888, The Carson Mansion in Eureka, California, widely considered one of the highest executions of Queen Anne style, built 1884–86, John Steinbeck's childhood home in Salinas, California, Emlen Physick Estate in Cape May Historic District, New Jersey, by Frank Furness, The Saitta House, Dyker Heights, Brooklyn, New York, built in 1899 is designed in the Queen Anne style[16], 1880s photo of 653 W Wrightwood (now 655 W Wrightwood) in the Lincoln Park neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois, The Italianate style Farnam Mansion in Oneida, New York. Victorian Architecture (1837- 1901) Although some Victorian properties retain a few of the classical features, such as columns and panelled proportioning, that can be found in Georgian homes, Victorian properties are also heavily influenced by the renaissance and Gothic revival movement. [5][6] Old Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky, also claims to be the nation's largest Victorian neighborhood. Western influence in architecture was strong when Hong Kong was a British colony. Victorian-era architecture followed the Georgian (1714–1830) and late Georgian period (1830–1837), which was characterized by generously proportioned rooms in typically three-story residences where families lived on the first two floors and servants occupied the smaller third story. The later stage of the 19th century brought changes in the house color schemes, in the architects and the architecture. Victorian architecture in America is not just one style, but many design styles, each with its own unique array of features. Houses Build very quickly Details were added later Many didn’t have bathrooms or kitchens Most were build with stone During the British colonial period of British Ceylon: The styles often included interpretations and eclectic revivals of historic styles. There are so many amazing ones you can find! Interiors of Victorian-era houses often included: In San Francisco, one of the city’s most iconic backdrops is a row of “painted ladies,” the nickname given in the U.S. to Victorian and Edwardian houses repainted in the 1960s in three or more colors to spruce up their ornate architectural details. The Victorian erarepresents a broad period of time spanning the years between 1837 and 1901. Examples of Victorian architecture in Dublin include George's Street Arcade and Royal City of Dublin Hospital on Baggot Street. However, many elements of what is typically termed "Victorian" architecture did not become popular until later in Victoria's reign, roughly from 1850 and later. Paxton also continued to build such houses as Mentmore Towers, in the still popular English Renaissance styles. Over-The-Rhine in Cincinnati, Ohio has the largest collection of early Victorian Italianate architecture in the United States,[11][12][13] and is an example of an intact 19th-century urban neighborhood. Edwardian style was less ornate than Victorian, its interiors featuring simpler decor and less clutter. By the latter half of the century, however, improving transport and communications meant that even remote parts of the Empire had access to publications such as the magazine The Builder, which helped colonial architects keep informed about current fashion. Designed by Sir Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin, The "Red Brick" Victoria Building at the University of Liverpool, completed in 1893 in Gothic Revival style. This meant everything from close rows of terraced houses built for factory workers on crowded narrow streets that didn’t include gardens or sanitation to semi-detached and detached houses that by the end of the Victorian era featured modern conveniences like running hot and cold water, sanitation, and gas. See more. [19], Victorian architecture in the United Kingdom, Other styles popularised during the period. Image Source . Mar 30, 2015 - San Francisco Stick Victorian style house "painted lady" architectural terms/characteristics cheat sheet. Its principles, especially honesty of expression, were first laid down in The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (1841) by Augustus Pugin (1812–52). I am now an expert model manufacturer I was when a trainee at the Welsh College […] When we think of Victorian architecture, we think of eclectic nostalgia – an array of different styles which drew inspiration from the past, including the Renaissance Revival, Queen Anne Revival, Arts and Crafts, Gothic Revival, Italianate and Neoclassicism. But several styles of Victorian-era architecture also spread internationally to places like North America, Australia, and New Zealand, where various countries and regions adapted it to fit local tastes, lifestyles, and building materials. Victorian architecture 1. Some chose the United States, and others went to Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Sri Lanka College of Technology, Sri Lanka Law College, This type is mostly preferred for expensive houses since it creates an overall impression of majestic presence. Similar to Victorian architecture is the Edwardian style of architecture, which began upon the death of Queen Victoria and subsequent reign of King Edward VII (1901–1910), although everything up through 1914 is considered part of the period. Several prominent architects produced English-derived designs around the world, including William Butterfield (St Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide) and Jacob Wrey Mould (Chief Architect of Public Works in New York City). Stick-Eastlake, a manner of geometric, machine-cut decorating derived from Stick and Queen Anne, is sometimes considered a distinct style. Some historians classify the later years of Gothic Revival as a distinctive Victorian style named High Victorian Gothic. I love walking around the residential neighborhoods of our city and looking around at the lovely homes of the area. Stine, L. (2005) Historic Old West End Toledo, Ohio. Victorian Architecture building designs from the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901), of which the most popular was Neo-Gothic. Victorian buildings: a spotters' guide. Galle Face Hotel and the An example of the Gothic Revival style, North of Scotland Bank in Aberdeen by Archibald Simpson 1839–42, Balmoral Castle, completely rebuilt for Queen Victoria, an example of the Scots Baronial style, Barclays Bank building, Sutton, Greater London, Forth Rail Bridge, Firth of Forth, near Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. Its influences were diverse but the Scottish architects who practiced it were inspired by unique ways to blend architecture, purpose, and everyday life in a meaningful way. The Distillery District in Toronto, Ontario contains the largest and best preserved collection of Victorian-era industrial architecture in North America. There are various kinds of architecture that we might like based on the appearance of the things of that architecture. Victorian architecture can be found in Ireland however to a much lesser extent than Georgian architecture which is most prominent in the cities of Dublin, Limerick and Cork. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Characteristics of Victorian Architecture, Interesting Facts About Victorian Architecture, How to Decorate in Victorian Style on a Budget, Characteristics and History of the Veranda, How to Use Green for Your House's Exterior. During the 18th century, a few English architects emigrated to the colonies, but as the British Empire became firmly established during the 19th century, many architects emigrated at the start of their careers. Plate glass arrived in 1832 and allowed for larger window panes. By the middle of the 19th century, as a result of new technology, construction was able to incorporate metal materials as building components. The Victorians achieved a lot in terms of technology, industry and innovation. Some terms associated wit… During the 18th century, a few English architects emigrated to the colonies, but as the British Empirebecame firmly established during the 19th century, many architects emigrated at the start of their careers. Victorian architecture of central Melbourne, Australia. Variations of the style were popular during her lifetime and for several years after her death. As in the United Kingdom, examples of Gothic Revival and Italianate continued to be constructed during this period, and are therefore sometimes called Victorian. The Best Ideas for Victorian House Architecture Terms .Allow me describe to start with that I am composing this from the viewpoint of someone that has actually had individual experience of needing to make architectural models with restricted sources. And thank goodness we also have some incredible photographers to capture these homes in just the right light. In the United States, 'Victorian' architecture generally describes styles that were most popular between 1860 and 1900. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Octagonal or round towers and turrets to draw the eye upward, Complicated layouts with multiple rooms including formal dining rooms, libraries, and parlors. There were fifteen styles that predominated:[3], The Arts and Crafts style and Queen Anne style are considered to be part of the Federation Period, from 1890 to 1915. The Victorian era is that time period that matches the reign of England's Queen Victoria from 1837 to 1901. Victorian architecture combines several trends from other styles typical for the 19th century. [citation needed] Other Toronto Victorian neighbourhoods include The Annex, Parkdale, and Rosedale. A Brief History of Victorian Architecture. The Victorian era was a period of increasing wealth, an expanding middle class, and a boom in mass production facilitated by the Industrial Revolution. During the 21st century, champions of 19th century Victorian architecture like the UK’s Victorian Society work to conserve and protect historic Victorian and Edwardian architecture, helping interested parties learn how to adapt Victorian buildings to fit modern living styles while preserving and respecting their unique characteristics and histories. Today, the city has the finest collection of Victorian architecture in Australia, and one of the finest in the world, with an abundance of hidden gems to explore. By : Kaya DeRobbioVICTORIAN ARCHITECTURE 2. The Victorian Art School documents the history of the art school in the nineteenth century, from its origins in South Kensington to its proliferation through the major industrial centres of Britain. Victorian architecture, building style of the Gothic Revival that marks the movement from a sentimental phase to one of greater exactitude. Many homes combined the elements of several different styles and are not easily distinguishable as one particular style or another. The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles that were employed in the Victorian era.This kind of architecture is named after Queen Victoria.These architectural styles include: Gothic Revival: examples are St Pancras railway station (1868); the rebuilt main chambers of the Houses of Parliament (1850 to 1870); Natural History Museum. Victorian architecture originated in England and still largely defines the architecture of its cities and towns. Within this naming and classification scheme, it followed Georgian architecture and later Regency architecture, and was succeeded by Edwardian architecture. Noun 1. What does victorian architecture mean? New methods of construction were developed in this era of prosperity, but ironically the architectural styles, as developed by such architects as Augustus Pugin, were typically retrospective. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. The term comes from the period in history when Britain was under Queen Victoria's rule. Blank, Alan; McEvoy, Michael; Plank, Roger (1993). Victorian architecture is characterized by an eclecticism that moves from one building or part of a building to the other, describing features and influences and sometimes even redefining trends. [7][8] Richmond, Virginia is home to several large Victorian neighborhoods, the most prominent being The Fan. The Victorian period flourished in Australia and is generally recognised as being from 1840 to 1890, which saw a gold rush and population boom during the 1880s in the states of Victoria and New South Wales. It coincides with the Arts and Crafts movement, which began in 1880 as artists and architects reacted against the technical advances and mass-production ushered in by the Victorian age and sought to produce goods that celebrated human craftsmanship. The term Victorian architecture refers not to a particular style but to an era—the reign of Queen Victoria over the United Kingdom of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901. The challenge was to create a common design that would deliver value, but was flexible enough to be tailored for the particular needs of individual communities and different resources needed by primary and secondary students.” Los Angeles grew from a Pueblo (village) into a Victorian Downtown - now almost entirely demolished but with residential remnants in its Angelino Heights and Westlake neighborhoods. Thus, the influence of English architecture spread across the world. [9] The Old West End neighborhood of Toledo, Ohio is recognized as the largest collection of late Victorian and Edwardian homes in the United States, east of the Mississippi. The architectural profession is largely a Victorian creation. Some chose the United States, and others went to Canada, Australia and New Zealand. A recent campaign the group has taken on is the preservation of Victorian gasometers after utility companies announced plans to demolish nearly 200 of the now-outdated structures. Vienna Secession House The iconic building known as Haus der Wiener Sezession (1897-98), designed by Joseph Maria Olbrich (1867-1908), to exhibit modern art in Vienna at the turn of the century. The Fan district is best known locally as Richmond's largest and most 'European' of Richmond's neighborhoods and nationally as the largest contiguous Victorian neighborhood in the United States. Kristin Hohenadel has covered architecture, interiors and decor for publications including the New York Times, Interior Design, Lonny and the international editions of Elle Decor. Pugin, Burne-Jones and other 19th-century British artists responded to the industrialized present by looking to an idealized past. The extent to which any one is the "largest surviving example" is debated, with numerous qualifications. Now it has been fully revised, and expanded, bringing it completely up-to-date. Today, we are going to spot some lights o n Victorian Architecture. [1] One of the greatest exponents of iron frame construction was Joseph Paxton, architect of the Crystal Palace. While there are many different styles encompassed in Victorian-era architecture, some common features that will help you spot a Victorian from the outside include: Interior design in the Victorian period was layered, cluttered, ornate, and eccentric. An example from the United States is the Winchester Mystery House in San Jose, California, once the home of Sarah Winchester, the widow of gun magnate William Wirt Winchester. But several styles of Victorian-era architecture also spread internationally to places like North America, Australia, and New Zealand, where various countries and regions adapted it to fit local tastes, lifestyles, and building materials. Brought to you by Smarthistory. Thanks to two economic booms bringing prosperity and people to the growing city, ‘Marvellous Melbourne‘ was the quintessential Victorian ‘boom-town’. In the past the owners of a Victorian house could be described as really active society members. Victorian architecture usually has many intricate window frames inspired by the famous architect Elliot Rae. Vitruvius In general terms, Victorian architecture was more ornate and decorative than the more austere designs that were common in the Georgian era. Victorian architecture originated in England and still largely defines the architecture of its cities and towns. The Middle Ages - 1066 and all that. Its architectural value in preserving and reinventing the past is significant. Poised against the backdrop of the modern city skyline, this stretch of 710–720 Steiner Street is aptly nicknamed “Postcard Row” and is a popular establishing shot used in countless film and television productions including the '90s sitcom "Full House.". Since she was Queen for a very long time, the eclectic and ornamental style went through several transitions. The Victorian architecture was heavily criticized by the contemporary critics. A Victorian Housebuilder's Guide: Woodward's National Architect Here are detailed drawings, floor plans, elevations, specifications, and vintage cost estimates for twenty distinctive Victorian structures, ranging from a humble cottage to an ornate brick villa. We are sometimes asked where our detailing comes from and why we spend so much effort in trying to emulate some of the epic periods of Victorian Architectural History. In the 18th century it was common for architects to act as developers and surveyors too, but by the 1820s such roles were being devolved, leaving architects free to experiment with a profusion of styles. Bookmasters. Victorian refers to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. Built circa 1862, James J. Hill House in St. Paul, Minnesota, built in 1891, Series of Italianate tenements in Over-The-Rhine, Cincinnati, Ohio, Ford Piquette Avenue Plant, Detroit, Michigan, built 1904, Gingerbread trim on an 1882 house in Cape May, New Jersey[17][18], Efforts to preserve landmarks of Victorian architecture are ongoing and are often led by the Victorian Society. 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