Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. In 2003, Kolkata High Court ruled that the Britisher cannot really be called the "founder" of Kolkata since the villages he 'found' and designed into what is today the city of Kolkata including the villages of Sutanuti, Hijili and Kalikata. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. The Aatchala murti at Sabarnas dates back to the era of jehangir, a time when Man Singh was the subeidar of Bengal! The court ruled that even though Charnock arrived in Sutanuti in August, the villages existed much before the East India Company's arrival. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. A portion of the ‘restitution money’ was spent in compensating the inhabitants who were given lands in other parts of the town notably in Taltala, Kumortuli and Shobhabazar. The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. Gobindapur was fired by the English themselves. Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. ( Log Out /  1) Sutanuti - There is a great deal of controversy over the naming of this section. Lake Gardens S.O Pin Code: Get Pin Code of Lake Gardens S.O, Kolkata, West Bengal. This village was surrounded by thick forests dwelled by tigers, where now stands the Maidan. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Pingback: A brief history of Kolkata: Journey of three isolated villages of Gobindapur, Sutanuti and Kalikata to become a major metropolis – Discovering Kolkata! Hatkhola locality of current Kolkata marks the most approximate location of the village of Sutanuti. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. Only the north-east had to be guarded.[6]. Walks of Kolkata: Sutanuti gobindapur - See 115 traveller reviews, 107 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. The site chosen was in the heart of ‘populous flourishing’ village of Gobindapur. Towards the end of the 16th century, the Indian merchant-princes of Port Piqueno were forced to seek another market for their trade. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. In addition to the three recognised hamlets around which the ci [1], Job Charnock favoured Sutanuti as a settlement because of the security of the location. While Kalikata and Sutanuti lost their identity as the city grew, Gobindapur was demolished to make room for the construction of new Fort William. If you like the post, do like our FaceBook page to be in touch. The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. There were two major creeks cutting through the settlements, which marked the border of the villages. At that time, trade started flourishing from 13th century onwards along the port towns of Hooghly. He stayed back and founded the place. It is difficult to believe today that once the villages that made up Kolkata (or Calcutta) were surrounded by marshy forest land, dwelled by wild animals. CONTEXT HISTORIC CONTEXT 1798-1858 – Calcutta was divided into 4 sub areas – European Kolkata (dihi Kolkata) Residential village at Gobindapur Traditional Market (Burrabazar) Riverine cloth trade mart (Sutanuti) 1839 – The city started to grow on the western fringes of ganga with jute industries coming up. Tel:-33-25656192,9830424065 Tel:-33-25656192,9830424065 kalyanideb.apt@gmail.com In 1784 Lt. Col. Mark Wood drew a detailed map of the European settlement in Calcutta for the Commissioner of Police, which became a reference for years to come…. 1717 The Mughal emperor Farrukh-siyar granted the East India Company trading privileges in return for a yearly payment of 3,000 rupees. Sutanuti was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. On the riverside to the south of the settlement was the village of Govindpore, founded two centuries earlier by the Setts and Bysacks, the Hindu Fathers of Calcutta: and surrounding it was a thick tiger-infested jungle that could be easily cut down. These villages were the original three with the addition of Chowringhee, which was in 1717 a hamlet of isolated hovels, surrounded by water-logged paddy fields and bamboo-groves and separated from Govindpore by a tiger-haunted jungle where expands the grassy level of the. ( Log Out /  Gobindapur (Bengali: গোবিন্দপুর) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. We will try to ascertain that from some old books on the city written by eminent English authors and old maps seen and studied by the Author of this Post. Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. The story dates back to Job Charnock and his chance mid-day halt near the quaint little village of Sutanuti in 1690, where the sparkle of green on the horizon promised repose to a tired British sailor. Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. Before we start exploring the various historical sites and structures of Kolkata, we will try to recreate that ‘Calcutta’ which the British settled in late 17 th century. It commenced in 1758 and completed in 1773. Job Charnock favoured Sutanuti as a settlement maybe because of the natural security the location provided. Job Charnock was an administrator with the British East India Company. METRO RAILWAY, KOLKATA, THE CONFLUENCE OF CULTURE, TECHNOLOGY AND ECO-FRIENDLINESS. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [1] Gobindaji was the family deity of the Sheths and Basaks, and so they named the village Gobindapur. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Colonel Mark Wood’s map of Kolkata of 1784. 1715 British people completed building the Old Fort. While Kalikata and Sutanuti lost their identity as the city grew, Gobindapur was demolished to make room for the construction of new Fort William. Led to the construction of the old Howrah bridge in 1874. The three villages namely: Kolkata, Sutanuti and Gobindapur, where the Britishers settled after they got tried with the trading business. It is commonly said that the name of this part is "Sutanuti" from the business of cotton and nuts. Along with Gobindapur, the other two villages of early Kolkata were Kalikata and Sutanuti. The current northern part of Kolkata's Nimtalato jora bogan was "Sutanuti" or "Chuthanuti". Calcutta takes and gives, loves and hates, loses and wins but never, not once, gives up. The village of Kalikata existed downstream starting from current day Jorbagan and extending to a creek in the south which opened approximately at the site of current day Chandpal Ghat near the business district of B.B.D. Before we start exploring the various historical sites and structures of Kolkata, we will try to recreate that ‘Calcutta’ which the British settled in late 17th century. This is well known for the trading place. Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata: The villages that grew into a metropolis, Kolkata On 22nd Aug 2018 13th Jul 2019 By Avishek In Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata 2 Comments Three small hamlets in Mughal India became the metropolis, Kolkata, in British India. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. 15th and 16th Century – Discovery and History of Kolkata. It was protected by the river on the west and by impassable marshes on the south and the east. four families of Basaks and one of Sheths, Armenian College and Philanthropic Academy, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School, B. T. Road Government Sponsored H. S. School, Marine Engineering and Research Institute, Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Company, Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Holy Rosary Cathedral (Portuguese Church), Kolkata Police Friendship Cup Football Tournament, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gobindapur,_Kolkata&oldid=984559563, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, West Bengal articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 19:12. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. Kolkata Tourism offers a wide range of engaging choices to visitors, ranging from sightseeing, events, ... Gobindapur and Sutanuti served as the prime centre of trade till 18th Century. Entire surrounding area of the three villages was forested and intersected by several creeks. He dreamt of goddess Kali asking him to dig the barren land on the bank. Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. Tolly’s Nallah or Adi Ganga was then the outlet to the sea and ocean-going ships came up to around where Garden Reach is now, then the anchoring place for ships. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The other two villages were Gobindapur and Sutanuti. Bag (or Dalhousie Square), with Sutanuti in North and Gobindapur in South. It started drying up from the middle of the 16th century. This way, the village of Gobindapur became the British Headquarter, Kalikata became their business Center and Sutanuti the old town where the natives resided. Sutanuti Last updated February 25, 2019. Pingback: Kalighat Temple – A Shakti Peeth and the oldest temple of Kolkata – Discovering Kolkata! [8], One of the first things that the English embarked upon on their return to Kolkata was the construction of new Fort William. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. But where were these villages located in respect of current geography of the City? Kolkata is popularly known as the “City of Joy” as well as the Cultural Capital of the Country. As traders, the Portuguese were succeeded by the Dutch and finally the British. When the Portuguese first started to frequent Bengal, around the year 1530, the two great centres of trade were Chittagong, which the Portuguese called Porto Grande or Great Haven, in the east and Satgaon, which the Portuguese called Porto Piqueno or Little Haven in the west. [7] Within a short period Kolkata grew considerably. The English evacuees set up temporary quarters at Falta, 40 miles (64 km) downstream. 1699 East India Company started developing Calcutta as a Presidency city. Kalkutta as 1690 britisk wurden, üs det Britisk Uastindien-Kompanie ham heer uunsiidelt hää. Learn how your comment data is processed. Nearest metro: Tollygunge (and take an auto to Sakherbazar) Sabarnas owned Kalikata, one of the three villages (Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata) that gave birth to Calcutta! He did so and discovered enormous qualities of wealth hidden underground. villages (Sutanuti, Kolkata, Gobindapur ) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury. Most of them settled down in Hugli but four families of Basaks and one of Sheths, determined to profit by the growing prosperity of Betor, founded the village of Gobindapur, on the east bank of the river. A walk or drive across the present Central and North Kolkata will entail a ride through time, where the remnants of colonial history stands testimony to what it has witnessed. A brief history of Kolkata: Journey of three isolated villages of Gobindapur, Sutanuti and Kalikata to become a major metropolis – Discovering Kolkata! The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. 1) Sutanuti - There is a great deal of controversy over the naming of this section. Walks of Kolkata: Sutanuti gobindapur - See 115 traveler reviews, 107 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. On the south stood Gobindapur, high on the river-bank and covered with thick jungle. A site dedicated to Kolkata, by a Kolkataবাসি।. The whole colony, with their tutelary deity Gobindjee, migrated to the north of Calcutta, and liberal compensation in money and in grants of lands were made to them for their dispossession. Sutanuti was surrounded by Dhee Kolkata. From Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata to Calcutta and then to Kolkata - a 300 year old history that fascinates all that delve into it and that has more to offer and more to teach than any book you can ever read or any teacher you can go to. Somewhere between present day Shovabazaar Ghat and Ahiritola Ghat, had Job Charnock anchored his ship on 24th August 1690. Previously known as Calcutta, the metropolis comprised of three villages of Kalikat, Gobindapur and Sutanuti situated along the banks of Hooghly River. Bag. The total amount of inhabited land of Sutanati was only 840 bighas, or one-sixth of the territory conveyed by the territory of Azim-us-shan and of 204 bighas was absorbed by the Permanent Settlement itself and 400 by the great market to its immediate north. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. The company paid regular rent to the Mughals for these villages till 1757. Towards the beginning of the 16th century, there was a person name Gobindasharan Dutta Chaudhury,[3] who belonged to a kayastha zamindar of Andul Dutta Chaudhury Family was returning by boat from a pilgrimage. Change ). Sutanuti was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. On 10 November 1698, Job Charnock’s successor and son-in-law, Charles Eyere, acquired the land holding rights for the three villages from the Sabarna Roychoudhuris. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata: The villages that grew into a metropolis, Kolkata. Sutanuti, in north Kolkata, was one of the three villages (the other two being Gobindapur and Kalikata) that were merged to form the city of Calcutta. Bonedi Bari Durga Puja of Kolkata – Chhatu Babu Latu Babu Durga Puja, Museums of Kolkata – The RBI Museum, Kolkata at BBD Bagh, Museums of Kolkata – Smaranika, the Tram Museum of Kolkata at Esplanade, Rathyatra 2019 in Kolkata by ISKCON – Watch and Read, Kolkata Maidan – From a Legacy of Colonial era to the Lungs of Modern Kolkata, Bandel Cheese in Kolkata – Hidden Gem available in New Market, Nahoum and Sons Confectioners – The Last Jewish Bakery of Kolkata, Food Options and Outlets available in Visitor’s Area of Kolkata Airport, Thanthania Siddheswari Kali Bari – Famous Kali Temple of North Kolkata. There is another story regarding the foundation and naming of the village. The Portuguese built a new port at Hugli in 1580.[2]. What followed was a series of skirmishes finally leading to the Battle of Plassey on 23 June 1757 and the establishment of British power in Bengal. We all know by now that the city of Calcutta was predated by three villages, i.e., Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata, which the British received from landlord family of Sabarna Roy Choudhury. There was a big tree marking the location, referred to as ‘the great tree’ in his official report. The village of Gobindapur was further downstream, where the Fort William stands now, and extended till Adi Ganga (Tolly’s Nullah). Only country boats operated further up the river. After Battle of Plassey in 1756, a more fortified Fort William was built in the village of Gobindapur in 1758 and completed in 1773 where it stands today. The eastern boundary of the settlements was the Chitpore Road, now called Rabindra Sarani and continued into Bentinck Street. Chitpore Road is the oldest Road of Kolkata, built by Sabarna Roy Choudhury family. In north one creek marked the border of the settlement of Chitpore and beginning of the village of Sutanuti. It is said that the name of the place Gobindapur was named after him. The City of Kolkata made its debut in 1690 as an amalgamation of three humble villages – Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata. Apt Enterprises, 1 A 177 Azad Hind Nagar, P O Agarpara Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal – 700109. Kalkutta, offiziell Kolkata (bengalisch কলকাতা, IAST: Kalkātā; englisch bis 2001 Calcutta), ist die Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Westbengalen in Indien.Mit 4,5 Millionen Einwohnern ist Kalkutta die siebtgrößte Stadt Indiens, und mit 14,1 Millionen Einwohnern in der Metropolregion Kalkutta (jeweils Volkszählung 2011) der drittgrößte Ballungsraum des Landes. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The three villages were part of the khas mahal or imperial jagir (an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor himself), whose zemindari rights were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family of Barisha. ( Log Out /  Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. It was protected by the river Hooghly on west and by marshy forest on south and east. However, the recorded history of the city is during the British rule. 1707 Mughal Emperor Aurongajeb died. Address: Sabarna Para Road, Barisha, Kolkata. Dive into this amazing story. Kolkata /koʊlˈkɑːtɑː/(Bengali: কলকাতা) formerly Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/(Bengali: ক্যালকাটা) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. ( Log Out /  In 1756 Siraj-ufd-Daulah took Kolkata from British. So they became the new landlords. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. The word Kolkata derives from Kôlikata [ˈkɔlikat̪a], the Bengali name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city was eventually established; the other two villages were Sutanuti and Govindapur. [1] Possibly the Saraswati river was another watery life line. But the name Kalikata remained. [10], Beyond the purely European buildings lying around the Fort where four villages of mud and bamboo, all of which were included in the zemindary limits of the original settlement. Once upon a time, they owned the three prosperous villages- Kalikata, Sutanuti, Gobindapur which grew into the city of Calcutta. This is what Wikipedia has to say: Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. Kalkutta, amtelk Kolkata (bengaals কলকাতা, IAST: Kalkātā; ingelsk bit 2001 Calcutta), as det hoodstääd faan di bundesstoot Waastbengaalen uun Indien.Diar lewe 4,5 miljuun iinwenern, mä't amlun tuup san't auer 14 miljuunen. The current northern part of Kolkata's Nimtalato jora bogan was "Sutanuti" or "Chuthanuti". Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, was alarmed by the growing prosperity and enhanced fortifications of Kolkata. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. The growth of Kolkata gained the attention of the nawab’s. Calcutta, in late 17th century, was set amid marsh and forest. The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. Kalighat Temple – A Shakti Peeth and the oldest temple of Kolkata – Discovering Kolkata! So the first Fort William was set up in Kalikata in 1698, in current day B.B.D. [4], In 1596, the place is mentioned as a district of the Sirkar (or government) of Satgaon, in the book Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal, the prime minister of Akbar. About Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) Job Charnok of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement in 1690. Then later they moved out of this village and after ten years they built a fort known as BBD Bag. Three large villages along the east bank of the river Ganges, named, Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata were bought by the British. While Kalikata and Sutanuti lost their identity as the city grew, Gobindapur was demolished to make room for the construction of new Fort William. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. In 1756, he decided to attack Kolkata and captured it. It is commonly said that the name of this part is "Sutanuti" from the business of cotton and nuts. Led by Job Charnock, an English merchant, the established a factory at Sutanuti on August 24, 1690, the date accepted as the foundation day of modern Calcutta. When the British grew tired of the charms of the trading town of Hooghly in 1686, they moved downstream to three villages - Kolikata, Sutanuti and Gobindapur. Surprising, but true.

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